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Structure sensitivity and hydration effects in Pt/TiO2 and Pt/TiO2-SiO2 catalysts for NO and propane oxidation

Viéitez Calo, Sara, Morgan, David J. ORCID:, Golunski, Stan ORCID:, Taylor, Stuart H. ORCID: and Twigg, Martyn V. 2021. Structure sensitivity and hydration effects in Pt/TiO2 and Pt/TiO2-SiO2 catalysts for NO and propane oxidation. Topics in Catalysis 64 , pp. 955-964. 10.1007/s11244-021-01415-2

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The NO and propane oxidation activities of a series of 1%Pt/TiO2–SiO2 catalysts show different underlying trends as the support composition changes. Surface characterisation of the catalysts indicates that the trend for NO conversion is consistent with the oxidation rate being dependent on the degree of metallic character of the Pt nanoparticles, rather than their morphology. Although a similar correlation is expected for the total oxidation of propane, it is masked by the effects of adventitious ions originating during manufacture of the support materials. When residual chloride is present in the support, most of the exposed Pt is stabilised in its low-activity ionic form; while support materials containing W or oxidised-S ions give rise to catalysts with much higher activity than expected from their measured Pt0 content. When a Cl-containing, but SiO2-free, TiO2 support material is pre-treated hydrothermally, the propane-oxidation activity of the resultant Pt/TiO2 catalyst is substantially improved, so that it matches the performance of highly-metallic Pt supported on TiO2 containing 16 wt% SiO2. The hydrothermal pre-treatment removes residual chloride from the support material, but it also leaves the catalyst in a hydrated state. We show that, by controlling the metallic content of Pt nanoparticles, understanding the promoting and inhibiting effects of adventitious ions, and optimising the degree of catalyst hydration, the activity of 1%Pt/TiO2–SiO2 catalysts can be made to exceed that of a benchmark 2%Pt/γ-Al2O3 formulation for both NO and propane oxidation.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Additional Information: This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Publisher: Springer Verlag
ISSN: 1022-5528
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 2 March 2021
Date of Acceptance: 30 January 2021
Last Modified: 06 May 2023 08:08

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