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New benzo(a)pyrene-degrading strains of the Burkholderia cepacia complex prospected from activated sludge in a petrochemical wastewater treatment plant

Cauduro, Guilherme Pinto, Leal, Ana Lusia, Marmitt, Marcela, de Ávila, Letícia Gomes, Kern, Gabriela, Quadros, Patrícia Dörr, Mahenthiralingam, Eshwar and Valiati, Victor Hugo 2021. New benzo(a)pyrene-degrading strains of the Burkholderia cepacia complex prospected from activated sludge in a petrochemical wastewater treatment plant. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 193 (4) , 163. 10.1007/s10661-021-08952-z

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Abstract

The prospection of bacteria that are resistant to polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) of activated sludge from a Petrochemical Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) allows investigating potential biodegraders of PAH. For this purpose, sludge samples were cultured with benzo(a)pyrene and/or naphthalene as carbon sources. The recovered isolates were characterized by biochemical methods and identified based on the analysis of the sequence of three genes: 16S, recA and gyrB. The isolated strains were shown to be capable of producing surfactants, which are important for compound degradation. The ability to reduce benzo(a)pyrene in vitro was tested by gas chromatography. After 20 days of experiment, the consortium that was enriched with 1 mg/L of benzo(a)pyrene was able to reduce 30% of the compound when compared to a control without bacteria. The four isolated strains that significantly reduced benzo(a)pyrene belong to the Burkholderia cepacia complex and were identified within the consortium as the species B. cenocepacia IIIa, B. vietnamiensis, B. cepacia, and B. multivorans. This finding demonstrates the biotechnological potential of the B. cepacia complex strains for use in wastewater treatment and bioremediation. Previous studies on hydrocarbon-degrading strains focused mainly on contaminated soil or marine areas. In this work, the strains were prospected from activated sludge in a WWTP and showed the potential of indigenous samples to be used in both improving treatment systems and bioremediation of areas contaminated with petrochemical waste.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Springer Verlag (Germany)
ISSN: 0167-6369
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 24 March 2021
Date of Acceptance: 15 February 2021
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2022 16:52
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/140052

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