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Fault ride-through strategy for two-stage grid-connected photovoltaic system enabling load compensation capabilities

Srinivas, Vedantham Lakshmi, Singh, Bhim and Mishra, Sukumar 2019. Fault ride-through strategy for two-stage grid-connected photovoltaic system enabling load compensation capabilities. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics 66 (11) , pp. 8913-8924. 10.1109/TIE.2019.2899546

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Abstract

This paper proposes an extended Kalman filter (EKF) based control strategy for fault ride-through operation in two-stage grid-connected photovoltaic (GPV) system. Unlike the conventional controllers for ride-through operation, the proposed strategy does not compromise with power quality improvement features in the system while enabling ride-through operation. The controller accounts for nonlinear loads in the system, grid harmonic-currents elimination, and grid-currents balancing even during the harmonic/distorted grid voltages. The IEEE Standard-1547.4 compels the distributed resource to ride-through during voltage disturbances caused by faults. For the ride-through operation, a limit is imposed on PV active power injection to prevent inverter overcurrents and dc-link energy aggregation, which reduces the lifetime of dc-link capacitor. The reactive power is fed to the grid, as per the depth in voltage-sag. The derated PV array power is supplied in cases where the inverter cannot handle the utmost PV-power. The power quality improvement is ensured using EKF state estimator, which precisely estimates the fundamental load currents. In distribution network with modern nonlinear loads, especially at far radial ends, the grid voltages are prone to huge diversions and the proposed controller provides a possible solution to maintain active/reactive power support and maintain power quality in the network. The effectiveness of the strategy is demonstrated through simulations and experiments. Under all disturbances, the harmonic content in grid currents is observed within limits, in accordance with the IEEE Standard-519.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
ISSN: 0278-0046
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2021 14:50
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/140237

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