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EPHA2-dependent outcompetition of KRASG12D mutant cells by wild-type neigbors in the adult pancreas

Hill, William, Zaragkoulias, Andreas, Salvador-Barbero, Beatriz, Parfitt, Geraint, Alatsatianos, Markella, Padilha, Ana, Porazinski, Sean, Woolley, Thomas E., Morton, Jennifer P., Sansom, Owen J. and Hogan, Catherine 2021. EPHA2-dependent outcompetition of KRASG12D mutant cells by wild-type neigbors in the adult pancreas. Current Biology 31 (12) , pp. 2550-2560. 10.1016/j.cub.2021.03.094

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Abstract

As we age, our tissues are repeatedly challenged by mutational insult, yet cancer occurrence is a relatively rare event. Cells carrying cancer-causing genetic mutations compete with normal neighbors for space and survival in tissues. However, the mechanisms underlying mutant-normal competition in adult tissues and the relevance of this process to cancer remain incompletely understood. Here, we investigate how the adult pancreas maintains tissue health in vivo following sporadic expression of oncogenic Kras (KrasG12D), the key driver mutation in human pancreatic cancer. We find that when present in tissues in low numbers, KrasG12D mutant cells are outcompeted and cleared from exocrine and endocrine compartments in vivo. Using quantitative 3D tissue imaging, we show that before being cleared, KrasG12D cells lose cell volume, pack into round clusters, and E-cadherin-based cell-cell adhesions decrease at boundaries with normal neighbors. We identify EphA2 receptor as an essential signal in the clearance of KrasG12D cells from exocrine and endocrine tissues in vivo. In the absence of functional EphA2, KrasG12D cells do not alter cell volume or shape, E-cadherin-based cell-cell adhesions increase and KrasG12D cells are retained in tissues. The retention of KRasG12D cells leads to the early appearance of premalignant pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanINs) in tissues. Our data show that adult pancreas tissues remodel to clear KrasG12D cells and maintain tissue health. This study provides evidence to support a conserved functional role of EphA2 in Ras-driven cell competition in epithelial tissues and suggests that EphA2 is a novel tumor suppressor in pancreatic cancer.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Biosciences
Publisher: Elsevier (Cell Press)
ISSN: 0960-9822
Funders: Wellcome Trust
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 26 April 2021
Date of Acceptance: 29 March 2021
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2022 11:45
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/140667

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