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The effect of treatment variables on mood and social adjustment in adult patients with pituitary disease

Peace, K.A., Orme, S.M., Sebastian, J.P., Thompson, A.R. ORCID:, Barnes, S., Ellis, A. and Belchetz, P.E. 1997. The effect of treatment variables on mood and social adjustment in adult patients with pituitary disease. Clinical Endocrinology 46 (4) , pp. 445-450. 10.1046/j.1365-2265.1997.1600971.x

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OBJECTIVE Studies of mood in hypopituitary adults have yielded inconsistent results. This investigation was carried out to investigate whether treatment characteristics may be responsible for the inconsistent results. DESIGN AND MEASUREMENTS We compared three groups of patients with a group of matched healthy controls on self‐report measures of mood and social adjustment (Beck depression inventory, State‐trait anxiety inventory, Social adjustment scale (modified)) and a measure of quality of life (Nottingham health profile, NHP). PATIENTS The patient groups were those treated with transfrontal surgery (n=23), transsphenoidal surgery (n=23) or medication only (n=23). In addition, a close informant of each subject was asked to complete a social adjustment measure about the subject’s level of adjustment. RESULTS On the self‐report mood and social adjustment measures and the emotion sub‐scale of the NHP, the transsphenoidal and medication patient groups rated themselves as being more depressed, anxious and having poorer social adjustment than the transfrontal or control groups. The close informants, however, rated all three patient groups as having poorer social adjustment than the controls. Patients treated with surgery and without radiotherapy reported fewer symptoms of depression than those treated with radiotherapy. Realistic self‐appraisal of social adjustment in surgical patients was found only in those treated with transsphenoidal surgery without radiotherapy. CONCLUSIONS Patients treated for pituitary tumour, excepting those treated with transfrontal surgery and to a lesser extent those treated with radiotherapy, suffer from mild mood disturbance and self‐perceived decreased social adjustment. All patient groups are seen by others as having decreased social adjustment, raising the possibility that the transfrontal patients and possibly those who have had radiotherapy, lack insight. This may explain some of the discrepancies in the previous literature and needs to be taken into account when using self‐report measures with these patients.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 0300-0664
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2022 10:48

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