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Observations of magnetic fields surrounding LkHα 101 taken by the BISTRO survey with JCMT-POL-2

Ngoc, Nguyen Bich, Diep, Pham Ngoc, Parsons, Harriet, Pattle, Kate, Hoang, Thiem, Ward-Thompson, Derek, Tram, Le Ngoc, Hull, Charles L. H., Tahani, Mehrnoosh, Furuya, Ray, Bastien, Pierre, Qiu, Keping, Hasegawa, Tetsuo, Kwon, Woojin, Doi, Yasuo, Lai, Shih-Ping, Coudé, Simon, Berry, David, Ching, Tao-Chung, Hwang, Jihye, Soam, Archana, Wang, Jia-Wei, Arzoumanian, Doris, Bourke, Tyler L., Byun, Do-Young, Chen, Huei-Ru Vivien, Chen, Zhiwei, Chen, Wen Ping, Chen, Mike, Cho, Jungyeon, Choi, Yunhee, Choi, Minho, Chrysostomou, Antonio, Chung, Eun Jung, Dai, Sophia, Francesco, James Di, Duan, Yan, Duan, Hao-Yuan, Eden, David, Eswaraiah, Chakali, Fanciullo, Lapo, Fiege, Jason, Fissel, Laura M., Franzmann, Erica, Friberg, Per, Friesen, Rachel, Fuller, Gary, Gledhill, Tim, Graves, Sarah, Greaves, Jane ORCID:, Griffin, Matt ORCID:, Gu, Qilao, Han, Ilseung, Hatchell, Jennifer, Hayashi, Saeko, Houde, Martin, Inoue, Tsuyoshi, Inutsuka, Shu-ichiro, Iwasaki, Kazunari, Jeong, Il-Gyo, Johnstone, Doug, Kang, Ji-hyun, Kang, Sung-ju, Kang, Miju, Kataoka, Akimasa, Kawabata, Koji, Kemper, Francisca, Kim, Kee-Tae, Kim, Jongsoo, Pyo, Tae-Soo, Qian, Lei, Rao, Ramprasad, Rawlings, Mark, Rawlings, Jonathan, Retter, Brendan, Richer, John, Rigby, Andrew, Sadavoy, Sarah, Saito, Hiro, Savini, Giorgio, Scaife, Anna, Seta, Masumichi, Kim, Gwanjeong, Kim, Shinyoung, Kim, Kyoung Hee, Kim, Mi-Ryang, Kirchschlager, Florian, Kirk, Jason, Kobayashi, Masato I. N., Koch, Patrick M., Konyves, Vera, Kusune, Takayoshi, Kwon, Jungmi, Lacaille, Kevin, Law, Chi-Yan, Lee, Sang-Sung, Lee, Yong-Hee, Lee, Chin-Fei, Lee, Jeong-Eun, Lee, Hyeseung, Lee, Chang Won, Li, Di, Li, Hua-bai, Li, Dalei, Liu, Hong-Li, Liu, Junhao, Liu, Tie, Liu, Sheng-Yuan, Lu, Xing, Lyo, A-Ran, Mairs, Steve, Matsumura, Masafumi, Matthews, Brenda, Moriarty-Schieven, Gerald, Nagata, Tetsuya, Nakamura, Fumitaka, Nakanishi, Hiroyuki, Ohashi, Nagayoshi, Onaka, Takashi, Park, Geumsook, Peretto, Nicolas ORCID:, Shimajiri, Yoshito, Shinnaga, Hiroko, Tamura, Motohide, Tang, Ya-Wen, Tang, Xindi, Tomisaka, Kohji, Tsukamoto, Yusuke, Viti, Serena, Wang, Hongchi, Whitworth, Anthony ORCID:, Xie, Jinjin, Yen, Hsi-Wei, Yoo, Hyunju, Yuan, Jinghua, Yun, Hyeong-Sik, Zenko, Tetsuya, Zhang, Yapeng, Zhang, Chuan-Peng, Zhang, Guoyin, Zhou, Jianjun, Zhu, Lei, Looze, Ilse de, André, Philippe, Dowell, C. Darren, Eyres, Stewart, Falle, Sam, Robitaille, Jean-François and van Loo, Sven 2021. Observations of magnetic fields surrounding LkHα 101 taken by the BISTRO survey with JCMT-POL-2. Astrophysical Journal 908 (1) , 10. 10.3847/1538-4357/abd0fc

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We report the first high spatial resolution measurement of magnetic fields surrounding LkHα 101, part of the Auriga–California molecular cloud. The observations were taken with the POL-2 polarimeter on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope within the framework of the B-fields In Star-forming Region Observations (BISTRO) survey. Observed polarization of thermal dust emission at 850 μm is found to be mostly associated with the redshifted gas component of the cloud. The magnetic field displays a relatively complex morphology. Two variants of the Davis–Chandrasekhar–Fermi method, unsharp masking and structure function, are used to calculate the strength of magnetic fields in the plane of the sky, yielding a similar result of BPOS ~ 115 μG. The mass-to-magnetic-flux ratio in critical value units, λ ~ 0.3, is the smallest among the values obtained for other regions surveyed by POL-2. This implies that the LkHα 101 region is subcritical, and the magnetic field is strong enough to prevent gravitational collapse. The inferred δB/B0 ~ 0.3 implies that the large-scale component of the magnetic field dominates the turbulent one. The variation of the polarization fraction with total emission intensity can be fitted by a power law with an index of α = 0.82 ± 0.03, which lies in the range previously reported for molecular clouds. We find that the polarization fraction decreases rapidly with proximity to the only early B star (LkHα 101) in the region. Magnetic field tangling and the joint effect of grain alignment and rotational disruption by radiative torques can potentially explain such a decreasing trend.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: American Astronomical Society
ISSN: 0004-637X
Funders: STFC
Date of Acceptance: 3 December 2020
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2023 06:24

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