Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Increasing light absorption and collection using engineered structures

Noori, Yasir J., Woodhead, Christopher S. ORCID: and Young, Robert J. 2018. Increasing light absorption and collection using engineered structures. Nayak, Pramoda Kumar, ed. Two-dimensional Materials for Photodetector, InTechOpen, pp. 193-212. (10.5772/intechopen.73079)

Full text not available from this repository.


In recent years we have witnessed an explosion of interest in two dimensional (2D) materials, due to their unique physical properties. Excitement surrounds the promise of replacing conventional bulk photodetectors with devices based on 2D materials, allowing better integration, flexibility and potentially improving performance. However, the low inherent light absorption of 2D materials is an outstanding issue to be solved. In this chapter we review two independent approaches to tackling this problem, which have the potential to be combined to find a robust solution. The first approach involves patterning the substrate with a rod-type photonic crystal (PhC) cavity structure, which is shown to increase the light absorption into a 2D material flake coupled spatially to the cavity mode. Secondly, we review 2D–compatible solid immersion lenses (SILs) and their ability to increase both the optical magnification of the structures they encapsulate, and the longevity of the material. SILs have been shown to reduce the requirements for complex optics in the implementation of 2D materials in optoelectronic devices, and also in preserving the photodetector’s optical performance over long periods of time. Finally, we show how by combining rod-type PhC cavities with SILs, we can improve the performance of 2D material-based photodetectors.

Item Type: Book Section
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: InTechOpen
ISBN: 9789535139522
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2022 10:57

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item