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Longitudinal sampling of external mucosae in farmed European seabass reveals the impact of water temperature on bacterial dynamics

Rosado, Daniela, Xavier, Raquel, Cable, Jo, Severino, Ricardo, Tarroso, Pedro and Perez-Losada, Marcos 2021. Longitudinal sampling of external mucosae in farmed European seabass reveals the impact of water temperature on bacterial dynamics. ISME Communications 1 , 28. 10.1038/s43705-021-00019-x

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Abstract

Fish microbiota are intrinsically linked to health and fitness, but they are highly variable and influenced by both biotic and abiotic factors. Water temperature particularly limits bacterial adhesion and growth, impacting microbial diversity and bacterial infections on the skin and gills. Aquaculture is heavily affected by infectious diseases, especially in warmer months, and industry practices often promote stress and microbial dysbiosis, leading to an increased abundance of potentially pathogenic bacteria. In this regard, fish mucosa health is extremely important because it provides a primary barrier against pathogens. We used 16 rRNA V4 metataxonomics to characterize the skin and gill microbiota of the European seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax, and the surrounding water over 12 months, assessing the impact of water temperature on microbial diversity and function. We show that the microbiota of external mucosae are highly dynamic with consistent longitudinal trends in taxon diversity. Several potentially pathogenic genera (Aliivibrio, Photobacterium, Pseudomonas, and Vibrio) were highly abundant, showing complex interactions with other bacterial genera, some of which with recognized probiotic activity, and were also significantly impacted by changes in temperature. The surrounding water temperature influenced fish microbial composition, structure and function over time (days and months). Additionally, dysbiosis was more frequent in warmer months and during transitions between cold/warm months. We also detected a strong seasonal effect in the fish microbiota, which is likely to result from the compound action of several unmeasured environmental factors (e.g., pH, nutrient availability) beyond temperature. Our results highlight the importance of performing longitudinal studies to assess the impact of environmental factors on fish microbiotas.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Nature
ISSN: 2730-6151
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 13 May 2021
Date of Acceptance: 4 May 2021
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2021 14:46
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/141297

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