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Cybersecurity for digital twins in the built environment: current research and future directions

Alshammari, Kaznah, Beach, Thomas ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5610-8027 and Rezgui, Yacine ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5711-8400 2021. Cybersecurity for digital twins in the built environment: current research and future directions. Journal of Information Technology in Construction 26 , pp. 159-173. 10.36680/j.itcon.2021.010

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Abstract

Recent technological developments in the construction industry are seeking to create smart cities by using Cyber-Physical Systems (CPSs) to enhance information models such as BIM. Currently, BIM models are commonly adopted to work with IoT-based systems and embrace smart technologies that offer interoperability in the communication layer. In future, it is envisioned that digital twins will provide new possibilities for cyber-physical systems via monitoring and simulation. However, rarely in this rapidly developing field is security fully considered. This paper reviews the relevant literature regarding the use of the IoT in the built environment and analyses current practices. It also presents examples of cities that use the IoT to improve construction and the lived experience. Finally, it reviews how digital twins factor in multiple layers defined in CPSs, from physical objects to information models. Based on this review, recommendations are provided documenting how BIM specifications can be expanded to become IoT compliant, enhancing standards to support cybersecurity, and ensuring digital twin and city standards can be fully integrated in future secure smart cities.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: International Council for Research and Innovation in Building and Construction
ISSN: 1874-4753
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 14 May 2021
Date of Acceptance: 1 April 2021
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2022 10:58
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/141303

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