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High-contrast and resolution near-infrared photometry of the core of R136

Khorrami, Zeinab, Langlois, Maud, Clark, Paul C., Vakili, Farrokh, Buckner, Anne S. M., Gonzalez, Marta, Crowther, Paul, Wünsch, Richard, Palou?, Jan, Lumsden, Stuart and Moraux, Estelle 2021. High-contrast and resolution near-infrared photometry of the core of R136. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 503 (1) , pp. 292-311. 10.1093/mnras/stab388

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Abstract

We present the sharpest and deepest near-infrared photometric analysis of the core of R136, a newly formed massive star cluster at the centre of the 30 Doradus star-forming region in the Large Magellanic Cloud. We used the extreme adaptive optics of the SPHERE focal instrument implemented on the ESO Very Large Telescope and operated in its IRDIS imaging mode for the second time with longer exposure time in the H and K filters. Our aim was to (i) increase the number of resolved sources in the core of R136, and (ii) to compare with the first epoch to classify the properties of the detected common sources between the two epochs. Within the field of view (FOV) of 10.8″ × 12.1″ (⁠2.7pc×3.0pc⁠), we detected 1499 sources in both H and K filters, for which 76 per cent of these sources have visual companions closer than 0.2″. The larger number of detected sources enabled us to better sample the mass function (MF). The MF slopes are estimated at ages of 1, 1.5, and 2 Myr, at different radii, and for different mass ranges. The MF slopes for the mass range of 10–300 M⊙ are about 0.3 dex steeper than the mass range of 3–300 M⊙, for the whole FOV and different radii. Comparing the JHK colours of 790 sources common in between the two epochs, 67 per cent of detected sources in the outer region (r > 3″) are not consistent with evolutionary models at 1–2 Myr and with extinctions similar to the average cluster value, suggesting an origin from ongoing star formation within 30 Doradus, unrelated to R136.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: Royal Astronomical Society
ISSN: 0035-8711
Funders: STFC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 27 May 2021
Date of Acceptance: 5 February 2021
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2021 02:09
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/141622

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