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Beyond the outbreak of COVID-19: factors affecting burnout in nurses in Iran

Zare, Sajad, Kazemi, Reza, Izadi, A and Smith, Andrew ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8805-8028 2021. Beyond the outbreak of COVID-19: factors affecting burnout in nurses in Iran. Annals of Global Health 87 (1) , 51. 10.5334/aogh.3190

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Abstract

Background: Nurses working in treating patients with COVID-19 are exposed to various stressors, such as fear of COVID-19, stress, and high workload, leading to burnout. Objectives: This study aimed to identify the level of burnout and its predictors in nurses working in hospitals for COVID-19 patients. Methods: Participants in this study were nurses working in 11 hospitals for COVID-19 patients in the Fars province of Iran. The Maslach burnout and the UK Health and Safety stress questionnaires were used to assess burnout and stress, respectively. Analysis, using multiple regression in the SPSS21 software, aimed to identify the factors affecting burnout. Findings: The mean level of burnout in the nurses at the COVID-19 hospitals was 57 out of 120, and burnout was affected by workload (β = 0.69, p < 0.001), job stress (β = 0.25, p < 0.001) and inadequate hospital resources for the prevention of COVID-19 (β = –0.16, p < 0.001). These three variables explained 87% of the variance in burnout. Conclusions: The burnout of nurses directly exposed to COVID-19 patients is more than nurses in other wards, and workload is the most significant cause of burnout in them. Therefore, necessary measures such as hiring more nurses, reducing working hours and increasing rest periods are necessary to reduce workload. In addition, the job stress of these nurses should be managed and controlled, and the hospital resources needed to prevent this disease should be provided.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Additional Information: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0)
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 28 June 2021
Date of Acceptance: 24 June 2021
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2022 11:10
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/142186

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