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Fiber orientation distribution from diffusion MRI: Effects of inaccurate response function calibration

Guo, Fenghua, Tax, Chantal M. W. ORCID:, De Luca, Alberto, Viergever, Max A., Heemskerk, Anneriet and Leemans, Alexander 2021. Fiber orientation distribution from diffusion MRI: Effects of inaccurate response function calibration. Journal of Neuroimaging 31 (6) , pp. 1082-1098. 10.1111/jon.12901

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Background and Purpose Diffusion MRI of the brain enables to quantify white matter fiber orientations noninvasively. Several approaches have been proposed to estimate such characteristics from diffusion MRI data with spherical deconvolution being one of the most widely used methods. Spherical deconvolution requires to define––or derive from the data––a response function, which is used to compute the fiber orientation distribution (FOD). Different characteristics of the response function are expected to affect the FOD computation and the subsequent fiber tracking. Methods In this work, we explored the effects of inaccuracies in the shape factors of the response function on the FOD characteristics. Results With simulations, we show that the apparent fiber density could be doubled in the presence of underestimated shape factors in the response functions, whereas the overestimation of the shape factor will cause more spurious peaks in the FOD, especially when the signal-to-noise ratio is below 15. Moreover, crossing fiber populations with a separation angle smaller than 60° were more sensitive to inaccuracies in the response function than fiber populations with more orthogonal separation angles. Results with in vivo data demonstrate angular deviations in the FODs and spurious peaks as a result of modified shape factors of the response function, while the reconstruction of the main parts of fiber bundles is well preserved. Conclusions This work sheds light on how specific aspects of the response function shape can affect the estimated FODs, and highlights the importance of a proper calibration/definition of the response function.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre (CUBRIC)
Additional Information: This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1051-2284
Funders: Wellcome Trust Fellowship
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 2 July 2021
Date of Acceptance: 2 June 2021
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2022 11:12

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