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Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of clostridium perfringens in chickens and pigs from Beijing and Shanxi, China

Li, Jiyun, Zhou, Yuqing, Yang, Dawei, Zhang, Shan, Sun, Zhiliang, Wang, Yang, Wang, Shaolin and Wu, Congming 2021. Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of clostridium perfringens in chickens and pigs from Beijing and Shanxi, China. Veterinary Microbiology 252 , 108932. 10.1016/j.vetmic.2020.108932

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Abstract

The prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens) in chickens and pigs were investigated in Beijing and Shanxi, China. In total, 322 C. perfringens (chicken n = 60 and pig n = 262) were obtained from 620 feces of chickens (n = 256) and pigs (n = 364). Multiplex PCR for toxin typing of C. perfringens revealed that all the isolates belong to type A, with 45.7 % (147/322) isolates carrying beta-2 toxin-encoding gene cpb2. Minimum inhibitory concentrations of 27 antimicrobial agents showed that 91.0 % of the tested C. perfringens isolates were resistant to gentamicin and sulfonamides (sulfisoxazole and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole), and little resistance was showed to amoxicillin-clavulanate, ceftiofur, doxycycline, vancomycin and linezolid. Additionally, nosiheptide, avilamycin, virginiamycin and bacitracin exhibited good activity against the tested C. perfringens with low MIC50 (0.06 to ≤4 μg/mL) and MIC90 values (0.25–8 μg/mL). Whole genome sequencing (WGS) of 48 representative isolates from each farm indicated that the C. perfringens contained diverse antimicrobial resistance genes [tetA(P), ant(6)-Ib, erm(Q), etc.] and toxin genes (cpb2, colA, cloSI, pfoA, etc.). By comparative analysis, four C. perfringens isolates from three different pig farms harboured cpb2-carrying plasmid p1 with 100 % nucleotide sequence identity, suggesting horizontal gene transfer among these microorganisms. The further phylogenomic reconstruction, based on the core-genome single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the representatives, demonstrating that C. perfringens from the same farms and regions were closely related. These findings expanded our knowledge of C. perfringens isolated from animals in China, which provided scientific basis for efficient intervention or prevention measures of antimicrobial resistance in animal husbandry in China.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0378-1135
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 13 July 2021
Date of Acceptance: 16 November 2020
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2021 15:15
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/142552

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