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Higher-order conditioning: What is learnt and how it is expressed

Honey, Robert C. ORCID: and Dwyer, Dominic M. ORCID: 2021. Higher-order conditioning: What is learnt and how it is expressed. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience 15 , 726218. 10.3389/fnbeh.2021.726218

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Pairing a neutral conditioned stimulus (CS) with a motivationally significant unconditioned stimulus (US) results in the CS coming to elicit conditioned responses (CRs). The widespread significance and translational value of Pavlovian conditioning are increased by the fact that pairing two neutral CSs (A and X) enables conditioning with X to affect behavior to A. There are two traditional informal accounts of such higher-order conditioning, which build on more formal associative analyses of Pavlovian conditioning. But, higher-order conditioning and Pavlovian conditioning have characteristics that are beyond these accounts: Notably, the two are influenced in different ways by the same experimental manipulations, and both generate conditioned responses that do not reflect the US per se. Here, we present a formal analysis that sought to address these characteristics.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Additional Information: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY)
Publisher: Frontiers Media
ISSN: 1662-5153
Funders: BBSRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 21 July 2021
Date of Acceptance: 19 July 2021
Last Modified: 04 May 2023 08:49

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