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A clash between Paideia and Pneuma? Ecstatic women prophets and theological education in the Second-Century Church

Lossl, Josef 2021. A clash between Paideia and Pneuma? Ecstatic women prophets and theological education in the Second-Century Church. In: Methuen, Charlotte, Ryrie, Alec and Spicer, Andrew eds. Inspiration and Institution in Christian History, Studies in Church History, vol. 57. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 32-53. (10.1017/stc.2021.3)

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Abstract

The second half of the second century saw the development of a more hierarchical, institutionalised, Church and of a theology of the Holy Spirit (Pneuma) reflecting this development. A driver of this development was a higher educational level among Church leaders and Christians participating in theological discourse. In fact, ‘higher education’ (Greek ‘paideia’) became a guiding value of Christian living including for the study and interpretation of Scripture and for theology and church leadership. Yet the same period also saw a new wave of ‘inspired’, ‘pneumatic prophecy’, later known as ‘Montanism’, which was perceived as a threat in an increasingly institutionalised Church and attacked and suppressed. This chapter sees here a paradox and asks how Pneuma could be promoted as a source of Christian leadership under the banner of ‘higher education’ (paideia), when the Spirit (Pneuma) at work in the ‘New Prophecy’ was perceived as such a threat. One area of investigation which may provide answers to the question is the controversial role women played both as educated participants in theological discourse and leading figures in the Montanist movement.

Item Type: Book Section
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: History, Archaeology and Religion
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BR Christianity
D History General and Old World > DE The Mediterranean Region. The Greco-Roman World
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781316514801
Last Modified: 05 Aug 2021 13:00
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/143092

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