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A relational view of horizontal collaboration among micro and small enterprises: a study of the brewery sector in Wales

Lotfi, Maryam ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1261-9834, Kumar, Maneesh ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2469-1382, Sanchez Rodrigues, Vasco ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3375-3079, Naim, Mohamed ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3361-9400 and Harris, Irina ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0622-5123 2022. A relational view of horizontal collaboration among micro and small enterprises: a study of the brewery sector in Wales. British Food Journal 124 (4) , pp. 1254-1273. 10.1108/BFJ-03-2021-0266

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Abstract

This study aims to explore how horizontal collaboration can help small and micro enterprises within the drink sector through the relational theory lens. The use of qualitative research methods, including focus groups and interviews, facilitated understanding the horizontal collaboration in micro and small companies within the Welsh brewery industry. Data collection involved conducting three focus groups and 13 interviews within the Welsh brewery sector in the UK. The collaboration phenomena were explained using the three elements of relational theory: relational rents, relational capitals, and relational governance. Micro and small enterprises in the drink sector use collaborative initiatives in building new capabilities to generate relational rents. In addition, relational capitals and relational governance mechanisms were identified to support the horizontal collaboration among these enterprises. The focus is on only one part of the drinks industry, i.e. the brewery industry; therefore, this study could be extended to other industries within the drink sector or across manufacturing industries. The micro and small enterprises can collaborate to achieve relational rent, but this collaboration requires strong relational capitals, such as trust. These partners need to change informal governance mechanisms that already exist towards more contractual formal mechanisms. Prior research has largely focused on vertical collaboration, with limited studies using the relational theory lens to explicate horizontal collaboration phenomena and no previous research in the context of micro and small companies. Relational rents, relational capitals and relational governance mechanisms are studied to provide insights into an effective collaboration in this context.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Business (Including Economics)
Additional Information: Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial International Licence 4.0 (CC BY-NC 4.0)
Publisher: Emerald
ISSN: 0007-070X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 6 August 2021
Date of Acceptance: 5 August 2021
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2022 18:19
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/143213

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