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“Goosebump man. That’s funny!” Humor with siblings and friends from early to middle childhood

Paine, Amy L. ORCID:, Howe, Nina, Gilmore, Victoria, Karajian, Gassiaa and DeHart, Ganie 2021. “Goosebump man. That’s funny!” Humor with siblings and friends from early to middle childhood. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology 77 , 101321. 10.1016/j.appdev.2021.101321

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We investigated change and continuity in children's humor production from early to middle childhood with siblings and friends. Sixty-five children (M age = 56.4 months, SD = 5.71) were observed as they played with their older or younger sibling and with a friend in two separate play sessions. Children were observed again approximately three years later (n = 46, M age = 94.6 months; SD = 6.6). Spontaneous humor production was coded in the play sessions. Focal children's humor production did not differ as a function of relationship or time. Children's tendency to produce humor with their sibling at 4 years of age was associated with humor production with a friend, both concurrently and three years later. Our findings draw attention to childhood sibling relationships and friendships as rich contexts for humor and continuities across relationships and time.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Additional Information: This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0193-3973
Funders: ESRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 23 August 2021
Date of Acceptance: 19 August 2021
Last Modified: 03 May 2023 20:24

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