Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Updated international tuberous sclerosis complex diagnostic criteria and surveillance and management recommendations

Northrup, Hope, Aronow, Mary E., Bebin, E. Martina, Bissler, John, Darling, Thomas N., de Vries, Petrus J., Frost, Michael D., Fuchs, Zoë, Gosnell, Elizabeth S., Gupta, Nishant, Jansen, Anna C., Jówiak, Sergiusz, Kingswood, J. Chris, Knilans, Timothy K., McCormack, Francis X., Pounders, Ashley, Roberds, Steven L., Rodriguez-Buritica, David F., Roth, Jonathan, Sampson, Julian R., Sparagana, Steven, Thiele, Elizabeth Anne, Weiner, Howard L., Wheless, James W., Towbin, Alexander J., Krueger, Darcy A., Annear, Nicholas M.P., Aronow, Mary E., Bartels, Ute, Bebin, E. Martina, Berhouma, Moncef, Bissler, John J., Budde, Klemens, Byars, Anna, Chugani, Harry, Cowen, Edward W., Crino, Peter B., Curatolo, Paolo, Darling, Thomas N., de Vries, Petrus, Dilling, Daniel F., Dunn, David W., Ekong, Rosmary, Ess, Kevin C., Franz, David N., Frost, Michael, Fuchs, Zoë D.B., Gosnell, Elizabeth, Guay-Woodford, Lisa, Gupta, Nishant, Haddad, Luciana, Halbert, Anne, Hebert, Adelaide A., Henske, Elizabeth P., Holmes, Gregory L., Hook, Dena, Hulbert, John, Jansen, Anna, Johnson, Simon R., Jówiak, Sergiusz, King, Bryan, Kingswood, J. Christopher, Knilans, Timothy K., Koenig, Mary Kay, Korf, Bruce, Krueger, Darcy A., Kwiatkowski, David J., McCormack, Francis X., Moss, Joel, Mowat, David, Mowrey, Kate, Nabbout, Rima, Nellist, Mark D., Northrup, Hope, O'Callaghan, Finbar, Patel, Uday, Pounders, Ashley, Roach, E. Steve, Roberds, Steven L., Rodriguez-Buritica, David, Romp, Robb, Roth, Jonathan, Rozenberg, Micaela, Ruoss, Stephen J., Sahin, Mustafa, Sampson, Julian, Samuels, Joshua A., Sauter, Matthias, Smith, Catherine A., Soltani, Keyomaurs, Sparagana, Steven, Srivastava, Shoba, Stuart, Clare, Teng, Joyce M.C., Thiele, Elizabeth A., Towbin, Alexander J., Trout, Andrew, van Eeghen, Agnies, Vanclooster, Stephanie, Wang, Henry Z., Wataya-Kaneda, Mari, Weiner, Howard L., Wheless, James W., Witman, Patricia, Wright, Tim, Wu, Joyce Y. and Young, Lisa 2021. Updated international tuberous sclerosis complex diagnostic criteria and surveillance and management recommendations. Pediatric Neurology 123 , pp. 50-66. 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2021.07.011

[thumbnail of SAMPSON, JULIAN - Updated International Tuberous Sclerosis Complex Diagnostic Criteria and Surveillance and Management Recommendations.pdf] PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (1MB)


Background Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal dominant genetic disease affecting multiple body systems with wide variability in presentation. In 2013, Pediatric Neurology published articles outlining updated diagnostic criteria and recommendations for surveillance and management of disease manifestations. Advances in knowledge and approvals of new therapies necessitated a revision of those criteria and recommendations. Methods Chairs and working group cochairs from the 2012 International TSC Consensus Group were invited to meet face-to-face over two days at the 2018 World TSC Conference on July 25 and 26 in Dallas, TX, USA. Before the meeting, working group cochairs worked with group members via e-mail and telephone to (1) review TSC literature since the 2013 publication, (2) confirm or amend prior recommendations, and (3) provide new recommendations as required. Results Only two changes were made to clinical diagnostic criteria reported in 2013: “multiple cortical tubers and/or radial migration lines” replaced the more general term “cortical dysplasias,” and sclerotic bone lesions were reinstated as a minor criterion. Genetic diagnostic criteria were reaffirmed, including highlighting recent findings that some individuals with TSC are genetically mosaic for variants in TSC1 or TSC2. Changes to surveillance and management criteria largely reflected increased emphasis on early screening for electroencephalographic abnormalities, enhanced surveillance and management of TSC-associated neuropsychiatric disorders, and new medication approvals. Conclusions Updated TSC diagnostic criteria and surveillance and management recommendations presented here should provide an improved framework for optimal care of those living with TSC and their families.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Additional Information: This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0887-8994
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 14 September 2021
Date of Acceptance: 20 July 2021
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2021 11:29

Citation Data

Cited 23 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics