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C–S–H gel densification: The impact of the nanoscale on self-desiccation and sorption isotherms

Masoero, Enrico, Cusatis, Gianluca and Di Luzio, Giovanni 2018. C–S–H gel densification: The impact of the nanoscale on self-desiccation and sorption isotherms. Cement and Concrete Research 109 , pp. 103-119. 10.1016/j.cemconres.2018.04.014

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Abstract

The relationship between humidity and water content in a hydrating cement paste is largely controlled by the nanostructure of the C–S–H gel. Current hydration models do not describe this nanostructure, thus sorption isotherms and self-desiccation are given as constitutive inputs instead of being predicted from microstructural evolution. To address this limitation, this work combines a C–S–H gel description from nanoscale simulations with evolving capillary pore size distributions from a simple hydration model. Results show that a progressive densification of the C–S–H gel must be considered in order to explain the self-desiccation of low-alkali pastes. The impact of C–S–H densification on the evolution of microstructure and sorption isotherms is then discussed, including the effect of water-to-cement ratio, cement powder fineness, and curing temperature. Overall, this work identifies an area where nanoscale simulations can integrate larger-scale models of cement hydration and poromechanics.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0008-8846
Date of Acceptance: 16 April 2018
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2021 09:45
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/144242

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