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Replacing insulin with immunotherapy: Time for a paradigm change in Type 1 diabetes

Tatovic, Danijela and Dayan, Colin M 2021. Replacing insulin with immunotherapy: Time for a paradigm change in Type 1 diabetes. Diabetic Medicine 38 , e14696. 10.1111/dme.14696

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Abstract

For almost a hundred years, the management of Type 1 diabetes has not advanced beyond insulin replacement. However, insulin does not provide satisfactory glycaemic control in the majority of individuals and there remains a major unmet need for novel treatments for Type 1 diabetes. Immunomodulation to preserve beta-cell function offers the prospect of making treatment with insulin easier and/or preventing the need for insulin, particularly when it comes to novel low-risk immunotherapies. Led by the concept that the best insulin-producing cell is a patient's own beta-cell, the Type 1 diabetes scientific community has a challenging task ahead—to fundamentally change the management of this devastating disease by using low-risk immunotherapy to preserve endogenous beta-cell function and make metabolic control substantially easier. In that way, insulin and/or beta-cell replacement (stem cell or transplantation) should in the future be considered rescue therapies reserved for delayed presentations.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 0742-3071
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 7 October 2021
Date of Acceptance: 22 September 2021
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2021 13:24
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/144728

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