Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Plasmodium falciparum hydroxymethylbilane synthase does not house any cosynthase activity within the haem biosynthetic pathway

Scott, Alan F., Deery, Evelyne, Lawrence, Andrew D. and Warren, Martin J. 2021. Plasmodium falciparum hydroxymethylbilane synthase does not house any cosynthase activity within the haem biosynthetic pathway. Microbiology 167 (10) , 001095. 10.1099/mic.0.001095

[thumbnail of mic001095.pdf]
Preview
PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (788kB) | Preview

Abstract

Uroporphyrinogen III, the universal progenitor of macrocyclic, modified tetrapyrroles, is produced from aminolaevulinic acid (ALA) by a conserved pathway involving three enzymes: porphobilinogen synthase (PBGS), hydroxymethylbilane synthase (HmbS) and uroporphyrinogen III synthase (UroS). The gene encoding uroporphyrinogen III synthase has not yet been identified in Plasmodium falciparum, but it has been suggested that this activity is housed inside a bifunctional hybroxymethylbilane synthase (HmbS). Additionally, an unknown protein encoded by PF3D7_1247600 has also been predicted to possess UroS activity. In this study it is demonstrated that neither of these proteins possess UroS activity and the real UroS remains to be identified. This was demonstrated by the failure of codon-optimized genes to complement a defined Escherichia coli hemD− mutant (SASZ31) deficient in UroS activity. Furthermore, HPLC analysis of the oxidized reaction product from recombinant, purified P. falciparum HmbS showed that only uroporphyrin I could be detected (corresponding to hydroxymethylbilane production). No uroporphyrin III was detected, showing that P. falciparum HmbS does not have UroS activity and can only catalyze the formation of hydroxymethylbilane from porphobilinogen.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Additional Information: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
Publisher: Microbiology Society
ISSN: 1350-0872
Funders: Pfizer Global Research and Development
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 27 October 2021
Date of Acceptance: 19 August 2021
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2021 11:45
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/145100

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics