Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Advancing a five-stage typology of homelessness prevention

Fitzpatrick, Suzanne, Mackie, Peter ORCID: and Wood, Jenny 2021. Advancing a five-stage typology of homelessness prevention. International Journal on Homelessness 1 (1) , 79–97. 10.5206/ijoh.2021.1.13341

[thumbnail of P Mackie 2021 advancing a five stage typology published ver.pdf] PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike.

Download (506kB)


This paper aims to demonstrate the efficacy of a five-level homelessness prevention typology, encompassing universal, targeted, crisis, emergency, and recovery categories. We argue that this typology can be deployed to illuminate key comparisons in homelessness prevention policy and practice between different jurisdictions and over time. Meanwhile, it avoids the confusions and overlaps that occur in extant categorisations. Using the UK jurisdictions as an empirical testbed for this analytical framework, four key lessons emerge which we contend have resonance across much of the global north. First, though there is growing evidence of the importance of both universal prevention measures (particularly the delivery of affordable housing and poverty reduction), and targeted preventative interventions (focused on high risk groups and transitions), practical action on both fronts has been deeply deficient to date. Second, and more encouragingly, there is a nascent shift in homelessness practice from an overwhelming focus on basic, emergency interventions, towards more upstream attempts to avert the kind of crisis situations that can lead to homelessness arising in the first place. Third, and also welcome, is a trend within recovery interventions from treatment-led to more housing-led models, albeit that this shift has been frustratingly slow to materialise in many countries. Fourth, across all of these categories of homelessness prevention, there remain substantial evidence gaps, especially outside of the US.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Geography and Planning (GEOPL)
Additional Information: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
ISSN: 2564-310X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 2 November 2021
Date of Acceptance: 20 September 2021
Last Modified: 02 May 2023 11:08

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item


Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics