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Bile acid dysfunction after clam enterocystoplasty

Barrington, J. W., Fern-Davies, H., Adams, R. J., Evans, W. D. ORCID:, Woodcock, J. P. and Stephenson, T. P. 1995. Bile acid dysfunction after clam enterocystoplasty. British Journal of Urology 76 (2) , pp. 169-171. 10.1111/j.1464-410x.1995.tb07667.x

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Objective: To determine if the bowel dysfunction that develops in approximately 12% of patients after a clam enterocystoplasty is due to disruption of the enterohepatic circulation of bile acids. Patients and methods: Fourteen symptomatic patients (mean age 36 years, range 21–65) who had undergone clam enterocystoplasty were investigated by bowel frequency charts, hydrogen breath tests of expired air and the retention of radioactive 75Selabelled homocholic acid-taurine (SeHCAT), a synthetic bile acid. Patients with abnormal results were commenced on anion-exchange resins and the symptoms evaluated 6 weeks later. Results: The interruption of bile acid circulation, as estimated by SeHCAT, occurred in most of the patients studied and was due to surgical resection of the terminal ileum. All hydrogen breath tests were normal, excluding bacterial overgrowth as a cause of diarrhoea. Bowel frequency correlated well with the percentage of SeHCAT retained. Anion-exchange resins were successful in relieving the symptoms if patients complied well with the treatment. Conclusions: After clam enterocystoplasty, some patients have bowel dysfunction caused by the interruption of the enterohepatic circulation of bile acids. These patients can be identified using bowel frequency charts and treated by anion-exchange resins.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
ISSN: 0007-1331
Date of Acceptance: 7 April 1995
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2022 10:00

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