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Digitalising risk of fire resilience for UK buildings

Shad, Mohammad Hashim, Rezgui, Yacine, Hodorog, Andrei and Petri, Ioan 2021. Digitalising risk of fire resilience for UK buildings. Presented at: 2021 IEEE International Conference on Engineering, Technology and Innovation (ICE/ITMC), Cardiff, Wales, 21-23 June 2021. 2021 IEEE International Conference on Engineering, Technology and Innovation (ICE/ITMC). IEEE, 10.1109/ICE/ITMC52061.2021.9570247

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Abstract

Several attempts have been made in the past to advance fire safety standards for residential buildings. However, the UK government has only partially succeeded in delivering detailed legislation that has been both successfully implemented and enforced across all types of dwellings. To further understand the government's approach, the author carried out detailed research into the common causes and triggers of fire that took place using a case study approach involving terrace housing, whilst also assessing the fitness for purpose of legislation with respect to the UK and EU regulatory landscape. In addition, independent research addressed all key elements of terraced dwellings, including information on fire alarm systems and detection devices, fire-resistant materials within external walls, compartmentalisation and combustibility of facades in roofing, quality of egress routes, and mitigation measures in place. Compiling data from multiple reputable sources such as the HSA, BRE and Home Office and comparing it with current legislation from Approved Document B: Fire Safety (vol. 2010-2019), indicated the government's failure to identify measures that could be adopted in order to retrofit existing homes and improve their resilience to the risk of fire. This severe deficiency in the lack of applicable legislation and safety methods in place for terrace housing confirms the need to implement contemporary approaches and advanced techniques for fire safety. This paper aims at exploring the resilience of the UK domestic housing to the risk of fire and provides simulation analysis from a real building case study identifying relevant fire propagation factors.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: IEEE
ISBN: 978-1-6654-4964-9
Last Modified: 30 Jul 2022 08:42
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/145351

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