Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Safety and immunogenicity of concomitant administration of COVID-19 vaccines (ChAdOx1 or BNT162b2) with seasonal influenza vaccines in adults in the UK (ComFluCOV): a multicentre, randomised, controlled, phase 4 trial

Lazarus, Rajeka, Baos, Sarah, Cappel-Porter, Heike, Carson-Stevens, Andrew, Clout, Madeleine, Culliford, Lucy, Emmett, Stevan R., Garstang, Jonathan, Gbadamoshi, Lukeman, Hallis, Bassam, Harris, Rosie A., Hutton, David, Jacobsen, Nick, Joyce, Katherine, Kaminski, Rachel, Libri, Prof Vincenso, Middleditch, Alex, McCullagh, Liz, Moran, Ed, Phillpson, Adrian, Price, Elizabeth, Ryan, John, Thirard, Russell, Todd, Rachel, Snape, Matthew D., Tucker, David, Williams, Rachel Lauren, Nguyen-Van-Tam, Jonathan S., Finn, Adam, Roger, Chris A. and Group, The ComfluCOV Trial 2021. Safety and immunogenicity of concomitant administration of COVID-19 vaccines (ChAdOx1 or BNT162b2) with seasonal influenza vaccines in adults in the UK (ComFluCOV): a multicentre, randomised, controlled, phase 4 trial. The Lancet 398 (10318) , pp. 2277-2287. 10.1016/S0140-6736(21)02329-1

[thumbnail of 1-s2.0-S0140673621023291-main.pdf] PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (752kB)

Abstract

Background Concomitant administration of COVID-19 and influenza vaccines could reduce burden on health-care systems. We aimed to assess the safety of concomitant administration of ChAdOx1 or BNT162b2 plus an age-appropriate influenza vaccine. Methods In this multicentre, randomised, controlled, phase 4 trial, adults in receipt of a single dose of ChAdOx1 or BNT162b2 were enrolled at 12 UK sites and randomly assigned (1:1) to receive concomitant administration of either an age-appropriate influenza vaccine or placebo alongside their second dose of COVID-19 vaccine. 3 weeks later the group who received placebo received the influenza vaccine, and vice versa. Participants were followed up for 6 weeks. The influenza vaccines were three seasonal, inactivated vaccines (trivalent, MF59C adjuvanted or a cellular or recombinant quadrivalent vaccine). Participants and investigators were masked to the allocation. The primary endpoint was one or more participant-reported solicited systemic reactions in the 7 days after first trial vaccination(s), with a difference of less than 25% considered non-inferior. Analyses were done on an intention-to-treat basis. Local and unsolicited systemic reactions and humoral responses were also assessed. The trial is registered with ISRCTN, ISRCTN14391248. Findings Between April 1 and June 26, 2021, 679 participants were recruited to one of six cohorts, as follows: 129 ChAdOx1 plus cellular quadrivalent influenza vaccine, 139 BNT162b2 plus cellular quadrivalent influenza vaccine, 146 ChAdOx1 plus MF59C adjuvanted, trivalent influenza vaccine, 79 BNT162b2 plus MF59C adjuvanted, trivalent influenza vaccine, 128 ChAdOx1 plus recombinant quadrivalent influenza vaccine, and 58 BNT162b2 plus recombinant quadrivalent influenza vaccine. 340 participants were assigned to concomitant administration of influenza and a second dose of COVID-19 vaccine at day 0 followed by placebo at day 21, and 339 participants were randomly assigned to concomitant administration of placebo and a second dose of COVID-19 vaccine at day 0 followed by influenza vaccine at day 21. Non-inferiority was indicated in four cohorts, as follows: ChAdOx1 plus cellular quadrivalent influenza vaccine (risk difference for influenza vaccine minus placebos −1·29%, 95% CI −14·7 to 12·1), BNT162b2 plus cellular quadrivalent influenza vaccine (6·17%, −6·27 to 18·6), BNT162b2 plus MF59C adjuvanted, trivalent influenza vaccine (–12·9%, −34·2 to 8·37), and ChAdOx1 plus recombinant quadrivalent influenza vaccine (2·53%, −13·3 to 18·3). In the other two cohorts, the upper limit of the 95% CI exceeded the 0·25 non-inferiority margin (ChAdOx1 plus MF59C adjuvanted, trivalent influenza vaccine 10·3%, −5·44 to 26·0; BNT162b2 plus recombinant quadrivalent influenza vaccine 6·75%, −11·8 to 25·3). Most systemic reactions to vaccination were mild or moderate. Rates of local and unsolicited systemic reactions were similar between the randomly assigned groups. One serious adverse event, hospitalisation with severe headache, was considered related to the trial intervention. Immune responses were not adversely affected. Interpretation Concomitant vaccination with ChAdOx1 or BNT162b2 plus an age-appropriate influenza vaccine raises no safety concerns and preserves antibody responses to both vaccines. Concomitant vaccination with both COVID-19 and influenza vaccines over the next immunisation season should reduce the burden on health-care services for vaccine delivery, allowing for timely vaccine administration and protection from COVID-19 and influenza for those in need.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Additional Information: This is an Open Access article under the CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 license.
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0140-6736
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 12 November 2021
Date of Acceptance: 15 October 2021
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2022 14:45
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/145471

Citation Data

Cited 5 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics