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The effect of Cs/FA ratio on the long-term stability of mixed cation perovskite solar cells

Choi, Dong-Hyeok, Seok, Hae-Jun, Kim, Su-Kyung, Kim, Do-Hyung, Hou, Bo ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9918-8223 and Kim, Han-Ki 2021. The effect of Cs/FA ratio on the long-term stability of mixed cation perovskite solar cells. Solar RRL 5 (12) , 2100660. 10.1002/solr.202100660

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Abstract

Formamidinium lead iodide (FAPbI3) is ideal for highly efficient and operationally stable perovskite solar cells (PSC). However, a primary challenge for FAPbI3 PSC is to suppress the phase transition from the photoactive black phase into the yellow nonperovskite δ-phase. The preparation of Cs-containing mixed FAPbI3 perovskite by cation stoichiometric engineering is demonstrated and the influence of the Cs/FA ratio on its phase stability and device performance is discussed. By exploring the optimal ratio of Cs and FA cations in Cs x FA1−x Pb(I0.94Br0.06)3 perovskite, an inverted planar device with Cs0.17FA0.83Pb(I0.94Br0.06)3 composition shows the best power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 16.5% in an active area of 1.08 cm2. More importantly, the Cs0.17FA0.83Pb(I0.94Br0.06)3 perovskite photoactive layer showed remarkable long-term stability, maintaining 88.1% of its initial efficiency for 1128 h in the presence of moisture and oxygen and without any encapsulation. The excellent long-term stability is found to originate from the appropriate tolerance factor and low thermodynamic decomposition energy, which underpins the strong potential for the commercialization of Cs-containing mixed FAPbI3 PSCs.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 2367-198X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 20 November 2021
Date of Acceptance: 23 September 2021
Last Modified: 05 Nov 2022 18:30
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/145637

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