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Management of charging load of electric vehicles for optimal capacity utilisation of distribution transformers

Oliyide, Rilwan Olaolu and Cipcigan, Liana M. 2021. Management of charging load of electric vehicles for optimal capacity utilisation of distribution transformers. Journal of Power and Energy Engineering 09 (11) , pp. 60-79. 10.4236/jpee.2021.911004

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Abstract

A de-centralised load management technique exploiting the flexibility in the charging of Electric Vehicles (EVs) is presented. Two charging regimes are assumed. The Controlled Charging Regime (CCR) between 16:30 hours and 06:00 hours of the next day and the Uncontrolled Charging Regime (UCR) between 06:00 hours and 16:30 hours of the same day. During the CCR, the charging of EVs is coordinated and controlled by means of a wireless two-way communication link between EV Smart Charge Controllers (EVSCCs) at EV owners’ premises and the EV Load Controller (EVLC) at the local LV distribution substation. The EVLC sorts the EVs batteries in ascending order of their states of charge (SoC) and sends command signals for charging to as many EVs as the transformer could allow at that interval based on the condition of the transformer as analysed by the Distribution Transformer Monitor (DTM). A real and typical urban LV area distribution network in Great Britain (GB) is used as the case study. The technique is applied on the LV area when its transformer is carrying the future load demand of the area on a typical winter weekday in the year 2050. To achieve the load management, load demand of the LV area network is decomposed into Non-EV load and EV load. The load on the transformer is managed by varying the EV load in an optimisation objective function which maximises the capacity utilisation of the transformer subject to operational constraints and non-disruption of daily trips of EV owners. Results show that with the proposed load management technique, LV distribution networks could accommodate high uptake of EVs without compromising the useful normal life expectancy of distribution transformers before the need for capacity reinforcement.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Additional Information: This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Publisher: Scientific Research Publishing
ISSN: 2327-588X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 6 December 2021
Date of Acceptance: 27 November 2021
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2022 02:09
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/145834

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