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Nature, timing and magnitude of buried Late Cretaceous magmatism on the central West Iberian Margin

Pereira, Ricardo, Mata, João, Ramalho, Ricardo S., Rosas, Filipe M., Silva, Beatriz, Represas, Patrícia and Escada, Cláudia 2022. Nature, timing and magnitude of buried Late Cretaceous magmatism on the central West Iberian Margin. Basin Research 34 (2) , pp. 771-796. 10.1111/bre.12640

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The magma-poor West Iberian Margin, as part of the Peri-Atlantic alkaline province, records multiple evidence for intra-plate post-rift magmatism. Based on high-resolution multichannel seismic data, this work discusses the presence of large volcanic and intrusive features in the Estremadura Spur, providing evidence for important magmatic activity during the drifting of the continental margin. Our observations reveal distinct voluminous fissure-fed effusive sequences and the details of the 2800 m-high Fontanelas compound volcano, including its external and internal architecture, secondary vents and associated lava flows, all of which were probably extruded at intermediate water depths. Numerous and morphologically diverse sills and sill complexes are also described, attesting to the presence of a Late Cretaceous shallow magmatic plumbing system in the area. Magmatism in this region is interpreted as having occurred during two main pulses and types of activity: 1) Coniacian to lower Campanian(?) age, characterized by fissural and fault-controlled volcanism, which mostly extruded massive lobate/sheet lava flows; and 2) a second voluminous intrusive and extrusive event of mid to late Campanian age, which includes the intrusion of the Estremadura Spur laccolith and the prominent Fontanelas compound volcano with associated dendritic lava flows. The inferred volumes of the first fissure-fed effusive event suggest a large eruption magnitude, comparable to some of the largest historical effusive eruptions. The second magmatic pulse led to the emplacement of discrete clusters of sills and sill complexes, as well as the construction of the ~2.8 km-high Fontanelas volcano, suggesting a syn-rift structural inheritance that controlled the location of the Estremadura Spur Intrusion and the Fontanelas volcanic area. Altogether, a total volume of rock exceeding 1.452 km3 is estimated to have been emplaced or extruded in this region in a relatively short period, attesting to the prominence of the magmatism in this sector of the West Iberian Margin.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Environmental Sciences
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 0950-091X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 3 December 2021
Date of Acceptance: 19 November 2021
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2023 18:22

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