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Ammonia as fuel for transportation to mitigate zero carbon impact

Mounaïm-Rousselle, Christine, Bréquigny, Pierre, Valera Medina, Agustin, Boulet, Elena, Emberson, David and Løvås, Terese 2021. Ammonia as fuel for transportation to mitigate zero carbon impact. In: Kalghatgi, Gautam, Kumar Agarwal, Avinash, Leach, Felix and Senecal, Kelly eds. Engines and Fuels for Future Transport, Energy, Environment, and Sustainability, Springer, pp. 257-279. (10.1007/978-981-16-8717-4_11)

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Abstract

The idea of using ammonia as fuel is nothing new as the first well-known Belgium use of buses fleet during World War II. Even if several studies performed during the mid-60’s investigated the possibility to consider ammonia as fuel for internal combustion engines, mainly by means of CFR experiments or 0D modelling, ammonia-based combustion engine fueling methods are not ready to be marketed as the use of this toxic molecule still poses major problems not only because of supply and safety issues but also because of its physical characteristics compared to conventional fuels. As function of the target, i.e. to supply ammonia either partially in standard engines to limit carbon footprint or to employ it mainly in dedicated engines to reach zero footprint, the technological challenges (dual fuel or unique fuel, SI or CI engines …) could be different if it is as main power or auxiliary power unit (to extend battery vehicles) and as a function of the transportation type (mean duty or heavy duty engines for freight, construction, marine transportation, …). In this chapter new results of advanced researches will be discussed in order to highlight the potential of this future green fuel.

Item Type: Book Section
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789811687167
ISSN: 2522-8366
Date of Acceptance: 14 December 2021
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2022 11:54
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/146224

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