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Recent advances in nature-inspired solutions for ground engineering (NiSE)

Assadi-Langroudi, Arya, O'Kelly, Brendan C., Barreto, Daniel, Cotecchia, Federica, Dicks, Henry, Ekinci, Abdullah, Garcia, Fernando E., Harbottle, Michael, Tagarelli, Vito, Jefferson, Ian, Maghoul, Pooneh, Masoero, Enrico, El Mountassir, Gráinne, Muhunthan, Balasingam, Geng, Xueyu, Ghadr, Soheil, Mirzababaei, Mehdi, Mitrani, Helen and van Paassen, Leon 2021. Recent advances in nature-inspired solutions for ground engineering (NiSE). International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering 8 , 3. 10.1007/s40891-021-00349-9
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Abstract

The ground is a natural grand system; it is composed of myriad constituents that aggregate to form several geologic and biogenic systems. These systems operate independently and interplay harmoniously via important networked structures over multiple spatial and temporal scales. This paper presents arguments and derivations couched by the authors, to first give a better understanding of these intertwined networked structures, and then to give an insight of why and how these can be imitated to develop a new generation of nature-symbiotic ground engineering techniques. The paper draws on numerous recent advances made by the authors, and others, in imitating forms (e.g. synthetic fibres that imitate plant roots), materials (e.g. living composite materials, or living soil that imitate fungi and microbes), generative processes (e.g. managed decomposition of construction rubble to mimic weathering of aragonites to calcites), and functions (e.g. recreating the self-healing, self-producing, and self-forming capacity of natural systems). Advances are reported in three categories of Materials, Models, and Methods (3Ms). A novel value-based appraisal tool is also presented, providing a means to vet the effectiveness of 3Ms as standalone units or in combinations.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 2199-9260
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 4 January 2022
Date of Acceptance: 5 December 2021
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2022 05:51
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/146332

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