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Mechanistic studies on the cyclization of (Z)-1,2,4-heptatrien-6-yne in methanol: a possible nonadiabatic thermal reaction

Cremeens, Matthew E., Hughes, Thomas S. and Carpenter, Barry K. ORCID: 2005. Mechanistic studies on the cyclization of (Z)-1,2,4-heptatrien-6-yne in methanol: a possible nonadiabatic thermal reaction. Journal of the American Chemical Society 127 (18) , pp. 6652-6661. 10.1021/ja0445443

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Myers et al. pyrolyzed (Z)-1,2,4-heptatrien-6-yne (1) in methanol at 100 °C and observed benzylmethyl ether (2) as a major product and 2-phenylethanol (3) as a minor product. If a biradical intermediate, such as the open-shell singlet state of α,3-didehydrotoluene (4), was the only intermediate generated by the cyclization, then reaction with methanol might be expected to afford 2-phenylethanol as the principal product. The question that has been of interest since its first discovery is the origin of the principal product of the title reaction, benzylmethyl ether. This report considers three mechanisms for formation of the benzylmethyl ether: direct methanol participation in the cyclization of the reactant, partial ether formation from the biradical 4, or involvement of the closed-shell zwitterionic state of α,3-didehydrotoluene (5). A fourth mechanism, involving a cyclic allene intermediate, has been ruled out by earlier studies. In the present work, the first two mechanisms are ruled out by experiment and/or calculation. The remaining one, involving the zwitterion, is shown to be consistent with experimental and computational data only if a component of the reaction follows a nonadiabatic course.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Publisher: American Chemical Society
ISSN: 00027863
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2022 08:55

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