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Global analysis of boron-induced ribosome stalling reveals its effects on translation termination and unique regulation by AUG-stops in Arabidopsis shoots

Sotta, Naoyuki, Chiba, Yukako, Miwa, Kyoko, Takamatsu, Seidai, Tanaka, Mayuki, Yamashita, Yui, Naito, Satoshi and Fujiwara, Toru 2021. Global analysis of boron-induced ribosome stalling reveals its effects on translation termination and unique regulation by AUG-stops in Arabidopsis shoots. Plant Journal 106 (5) , pp. 1455-1467. 10.1111/tpj.15248

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Abstract

We previously reported that ribosome stalling at AUG-stop sequences in the 5′-untranslated region plays a critical role in regulating the expression of Arabidopsis thaliana NIP5;1, which encodes a boron uptake transporter, in response to boron conditions in media. This ribosome stalling is triggered specifically by boric acid, but the mechanisms are unknown. Although upstream open reading frames (uORFs) are known in many cases to regulate translation through peptides encoded by the uORF, AUG-stop stalling does not involve any peptide synthesis. The unique feature of AUG-stops – that termination follows immediately after initiation – suggests a possible effect of boron on the translational process itself. However, the generality of AUG-stop-mediated translational regulation and the effect of boron on translation at the genome scale are not clear. Here, we conducted a ribosome profiling analysis to reveal the genome-wide regulation of translation in response to boron conditions in A. thaliana shoots. We identified hundreds of translationally regulated genes that function in various biological processes. Under high-boron conditions, transcripts with reduced translation efficiency were rich in uORFs, highlighting the importance of uORF-mediated translational regulation. We found 673 uORFs that had more frequent ribosome association. Moreover, transcripts that were translationally downregulated under high-boron conditions were rich in minimum uORFs (AUG-stops), suggesting that AUG-stops play a global role in the boron response. Metagene analysis revealed that boron increased the ribosome occupancy of stop codons, indicating that this element is involved in global translational termination processes.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Society for Experimental Biology
ISSN: 0960-7412
Date of Acceptance: 12 March 2021
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2022 10:45
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/146719

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