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Adsorption characteristics of rocks and soils, and their potential for mitigating the environmental impact of underground coal gasification technology: a review

An, Ni, Zagorščak, Renato and Thomas, Hywel Rhys 2022. Adsorption characteristics of rocks and soils, and their potential for mitigating the environmental impact of underground coal gasification technology: a review. Journal of Environmental Management 305 , 114390. 10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.114390

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Abstract

This work presents the state-of-the-art review of investigations related to the adsorption process, adsorption models, experimental adsorption results, and influencing factors, considering the main contaminants produced by underground coal gasification (UCG) technology as adsorbates and the various rocks and soils surrounding the UCG cavity as adsorbents. Based on the literature reviewed, it is found that claystone, coal, coal char, shale, and clay materials present a good prospect for effective phenol adsorption; coal, coal char, shale, and clay materials can also remove benzene and some heavy metals from aqueous solutions. However, their performance varies under the effect of the influencing factors, such as the initial concentration of adsorbates in solution, the pH of the solution, the temperature and contact time controlled in the adsorption process, and the adsorbent dosage. A preliminary assessment of the potential of rocks and soils to act as natural buffers in UCG application is provided. The impact of UCG process on the adsorption of contaminants on the surrounding strata together with the major challenges and future perspectives are highlighted and outlined, to identify knowledge deficiencies regarding the retardation of UCG contaminants using the natural buffers. The prospect of surrounding strata as natural buffers can benefit the site selection, design, and commercialization of UCG.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0301-4797
Date of Acceptance: 23 December 2021
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2022 16:45
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/146824

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