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Immunotherapy for type 1 diabetes

Allen, L. A. and Dayan, C. M. 2021. Immunotherapy for type 1 diabetes. British Medical Bulletin 140 (1) , 76–90. 10.1093/bmb/ldab027

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Abstract

Introduction Despite advances in technology including the development of more sophisticated methods of monitoring blood glucose and delivering insulin, many individuals with type 1 diabetes continue to experience significant challenges in optimizing glycaemic control. Alternative treatment approaches to insulin are required. Increasing efforts have focused on developing treatments aimed at targeting the underlying disease process to modulate the immune system, maximize beta cell function and enhance endogenous insulin production and action. Sources of data Literature searches with keywords ‘Type 1 diabetes and immunotherapy’, publications relating to clinical trials of immunotherapy in type 1 diabetes. Areas of agreement Insulin therapy is insufficient to achieve optimal glycaemic control in many individuals with type 1 diabetes, and new treatment approaches are required. Studies have showed promising results for the use of immunotherapy as a means of delaying disease onset and progression. Areas of controversy The optimal way of identifying individuals most likely to benefit from immunotherapies. Growing points A better understanding of the natural history of type 1 diabetes has made it possible to identify individuals who have developed autoimmunity but have not yet progressed to clinical diabetes, offering opportunities not only to develop treatments that delay disease progression, but prevent its development in the first place. A consensus on how to identify individuals who may benefit from immunotherapy to prevent disease onset is needed. Areas timely for developing research The development of optimal strategies for preventing and delaying progression of type 1 diabetes, and monitoring the response to immunointervention.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0007-1420
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 26 January 2022
Date of Acceptance: 9 November 2021
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2022 12:30
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/146958

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