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Realizing the theoretical stiffness of graphene in composites through confinement between carbon fibers

Chu, J., Young, R.J., Slater, T.J.A., Burnett, T.L., Coburn, B., Chichignoud, L., Vuilleumier, A. and Li, Z. 2018. Realizing the theoretical stiffness of graphene in composites through confinement between carbon fibers. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing 113 , pp. 311-317. 10.1016/j.compositesa.2018.07.032

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Abstract

It is shown that approximately 2 wt% of graphene in the matrix of a unidirectionally-reinforced carbon fiber epoxy composite leads to a significant enhancement in mechanical properties. Particularly, it is found that the axial stiffness of the composites is increased by ∼10 GPa accompanied by an increase in axial strength of 200 MPa. X-ray computed tomography and polarized Raman spectroscopy have demonstrated that the graphene is predominately aligned parallel to the carbon fibers axes. Stress-induced Raman band shifts showed that the confined and self-aligned graphene is subjected to high levels of stress during axial deformation of the composite, with an effective Young's modulus of ∼825 GPa, approaching its theoretical value of 1050 GPa. This behavior has been modeled using the rule of mixtures and shear-lag analysis and it is demonstrated that highly-aligned graphene in a constrained environment between fibers gives significantly better mechanical reinforcement than graphene in conventional polymer-based nanocomposites.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Additional Information: This is an open access article under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1359835X
ISSN: 1359-835X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 7 March 2022
Date of Acceptance: 25 July 2018
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2022 13:45
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/147178

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