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A service evaluation of prehospital blood transfusion by critical care paramedics in British Columbia, Canada

Greene, Adam, Vu, Erik N., Archer, Thomas, Norman, Sharon, Trojanowski, Jan and Shih, Andrew W. 2021. A service evaluation of prehospital blood transfusion by critical care paramedics in British Columbia, Canada. Air Medical Journal 40 (6) , pp. 441-445. 10.1016/j.amj.2021.07.004

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Abstract

Early administration of blood products is emerging as best practice in selected trauma and medical patients. Blood products carried by critical care transport (CCT) teams are sometimes the first available to critically ill and injured patients. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the introduction of prehospital transfusion into a paramedic-led CCT program in Canada. A retrospective review of electronic patient care records for all patients who received a prehospital transfusion of uncrossmatched group O packed red blood cells between February 10, 2019, and September 30, 2020, was conducted. Forty-eight patients received a prehospital transfusion. The median age of the patients was 44 years, 81.3% were male, and most patients were victims of blunt trauma. Packed red blood cells were associated with a significant increase in systolic blood pressure (P < .001) and mean arterial pressure (P < .001), a decrease in shock index (P < .001), and a reduction in the time to first transfusion, with minimal waste, no patient-related adverse events, and complete traceability. The results of this service evaluation demonstrate the successful introduction of prehospital transfusion into a paramedic-led CCT program. Further prospective research is needed to assess the impact of such a protocol in this patient population.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1067-991X
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2022 12:30
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/147313

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