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Diagnosis of colorectal and emergency surgical site infections in the era of enhanced recovery: an all-Wales prospective study

Reeves, Nicola, Cuff, Simone ORCID:, Boyce, Kathryn, Harries, Rhiannon, Roberts, Christopher, Harrison, Wendy, Torkington, Jared, Alqallaf, Abdullah, Ben Sassi, Abozed, Ashby, Alena, Tang, Alethea, Deans, Andrew, Maw, Andrew, Joseph, Anton, Bos, Anya, Chalklin, Chris, Houlden, Chris, Joyner, Claire, Davies, Dawn, Harris, Dean, MacGowan, Drew, Williams, Gethin, Perry, Helen, Sagkriotis, Ioannis, Long, Jennifer, Waterman, Jenny, Hilton, Joanna, Da Silva, Louise, Iqbal, Maria, Saunders, Matthew, Shah, Parin, Dhruva-Rao, Pawan, Delicata, Ray J., Barnett, Rebecca E., Wood, Simon, Lewis, Sophie, Cornish, Julie, Horwood, James, Phillips, Simon, Morris, Chris, Davies, Leigh, Davies, Michael, Ansell, James, Hargest, Rachel, Vogel, Irene, Shinkwin, Michael, Parker, Jody, Umughele, Otumeluke and Clarkson, Martin 2021. Diagnosis of colorectal and emergency surgical site infections in the era of enhanced recovery: an all-Wales prospective study. Colorectal Disease 23 (55) , pp. 1239-1247. 10.1111/codi.15569

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Aim Surgical site infections (SSIs) are associated with increased morbidity, hospital stay and cost. The literature reports that 25% of patients who undergo colorectal surgical procedures develop a SSI. Due to the enhanced recovery programme, patients are being discharged earlier with some SSIs presenting in primary care, making accurate recording of SSIs difficult. The aim of this study was to accurately record the 30-day SSI rate after surgery performed by colorectal surgeons nationally within Wales. Method During March 2019, a national prospective snapshot study of all patients undergoing elective or emergency colorectal and general surgical procedures under the care of a colorectal consultant at 12 Welsh hospitals was completed. There was a multimodal 30-day follow-up using electronic records, clinic visits and/or telephone calls. Diagnosis of SSI was based on Centers for Disease Control and Prevention diagnostic criteria. Results Within Wales, of the 545 patients included, 13% developed a SSI within 30 days, with SSI rates of 14.3% for elective surgery and 11.7% for emergency surgery. Of these SSIs, 49.3% were diagnosed in primary care, with 28.2% of patients being managed exclusively in the community. There were two peaks of diagnosis at days 5–7 and days 22–28. SSI rates between laparoscopic (8.6%) and open (16.2%) surgeries were significantly different (p = 0.028), and there was also a significantly different rate of SSI between procedure groups (p = 0.001), with high SSI rates for colon (22%) and rectal (18.9%) surgery compared with general surgical procedures. Conclusion This first all-Wales prospective study demonstrated an overall SSI rate of 13%. By incorporating accurate primary care follow-up it was found that 49.3% of these SSIs were diagnosed in primary care.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1462-8910
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 9 February 2022
Date of Acceptance: 16 December 2020
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2023 02:47

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