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A unified formula for discharge capacity of street inlets for urban flood management

Xia, Junqiang, Dong, Boliang, Zhou, Meirong, Ahmadian, Reza, Falconer, Roger A., Li, Qijie and Zhang, Xiaolei 2022. A unified formula for discharge capacity of street inlets for urban flood management. Journal of Hydrology 609 , 127667. 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2022.127667
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[thumbnail of Paper 220 JX_BD_MZ_RA_RAF_QL_XZ Journal of Hydrology Feb. 2022.pdf] PDF - Accepted Post-Print Version
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Abstract

Street inlets play a key role in intercepting surface runoff into underground drainage systems, which can reduce the hazard degree during urban flood events. An accurate calculation of the discharge capacity of street inlets is vitally important in numerically modelling urban floods and managing flood resilience. A series of laboratory experiments were combined with a theoretical analysis in this study to investigate the conveyance characteristics of a typical street grate inlet. A large-scale laboratory platform was constructed, consisting of an upper-layer model street and an underground measuring system installed with a V-notch weir structure. A model street inlet was used to connect the upper and underground layers, which had a complete drainage structure including: an inlet grate, a drain box, and a connection tube. A total of 78 experimental runs were conducted using this laboratory platform, and the discharges intercepted by the grate inlet were measured for a range of incoming water depths and flow velocities, where the approaching Froude number varied from 0.05 to 0.89. These experimental results showed that the drainage pattern of the street inlet was converted from weir flow to orifice flow after the drain box was fully pressurized. In addition, a power function was derived between the relative drainage velocity through the inlet and the approaching Froude number, based on the method of dimensional analysis, and a unified formula was proposed to calculate the discharge capacity of street inlets. The corresponding coefficients in the formula were calibrated using the laboratory measurements. The unified discharge capacity formula was verified using other experimental results obtained from previous studies, and the results indicated that the calculated results using the unified formula agreed well with these measurements, with the regression coefficients of R2 > 0.90. Therefore, the unified formula for discharge capacity of street inlets obtained from the study reported herein has a high predictive accuracy, which can be used in numerical modelling and risk management of urban floods.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0022-1694
Funders: RAEng
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 3 March 2022
Date of Acceptance: 24 February 2022
Last Modified: 12 May 2022 04:12
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/147995

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