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Simons Observatory: Constraining inflationary gravitational waves with multi-tracer B-mode delensing

Namikawa, Toshiya, Lizancos, Anton Baleato, Robertson, Naomi, Sherwin, Blake D., Challinor, Anthony, Alonso, David, Azzoni, Susanna, Baccigalupi, Carlo, Calabrese, Erminia ORCID:, Carron, Julien, Chinone, Yuji, Chluba, Jens, Coppi, Gabriele, Errard, Josquin, Fabbian, Giulio ORCID:, Ferraro, Simone, Kalaja, Alba, Lewis, Antony, Madhavacheril, Mathew S., Meerburg, P. Daniel, Meyers, Joel, Nati, Federico, Orlando, Giorgio, Poletti, Davide, Puglisi, Giuseppe, Remazeilles, Mathieu, Sehgal, Neelima, Tajima, Osamu, Teply, Grant, van Engelen, Alexander, Wollack, Edward J., Xu, Zhilei, Yu, Byeonghee, Zhu, Ningfeng and Zonca, Andrea 2022. Simons Observatory: Constraining inflationary gravitational waves with multi-tracer B-mode delensing. Physical Review D 105 (2) , 023511. 10.1103/PhysRevD.105.023511

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We introduce and validate a delensing framework for the Simons Observatory (SO), which will be used to improve constraints on inflationary gravitational waves by reducing the lensing noise in measurements of the B modes in CMB polarization. SO will initially observe CMB by using three small aperture telescopes and one large-aperture telescope. While polarization maps from small-aperture telescopes will be used to constrain inflationary gravitational waves, the internal CMB lensing maps used to delens will be reconstructed from data from the large-aperture telescope. Since lensing maps obtained from the SO data will be noise dominated on subdegree scales, the SO lensing framework constructs a template for lensing-induced B modes by combining internal CMB lensing maps with maps of the cosmic infrared background from Planck as well as galaxy density maps from the LSST survey. We construct a likelihood for constraining the tensor-to-scalar ratio r that contains auto and cross spectra between observed B modes and the lensing B -mode template. We test our delensing analysis pipeline on map-based simulations containing survey nonidealities, but that, for this initial exploration, does not include contamination from Galactic and extragalactic foregrounds. We find that the SO survey masking and inhomogeneous and atmospheric noise have very little impact on the delensing performance, and the r constraint becomes σ ( r ) ≈ 0.0015 which is close to that obtained from the idealized forecasts in the absence of the Galactic foreground and is nearly a factor of 2 tighter than without delensing. We also find that uncertainties in the external large-scale structure tracers used in our multi-tracer delensing pipeline lead to bias much smaller than the 1 σ statistical uncertainties.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: American Physical Society
ISSN: 2470-0010
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 9 March 2022
Date of Acceptance: 24 December 2021
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2022 22:34

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