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Advanced methods for analysis of mixed gas diffusion in polymeric membranes

Monteleone, Marcello, Fuoco, Alessio, Esposito, Elisa, Rose, Ian, Chen, Jie, Comesaña-Gándara, Bibiana, Bezzu, C. Grazia, Carta, Mariolino, McKeown, Neil B., Shalygin, Maxim G., Teplyakov, Vladimir V. and Jansen, Johannes Carolus 2022. Advanced methods for analysis of mixed gas diffusion in polymeric membranes. Journal of Membrane Science 648 , 120356. 10.1016/j.memsci.2022.120356
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The rapid advancement of membrane gas separation processes has spurred the development of new and more efficient membrane materials, including polymers of intrinsic microporosity. The full exploitation of such materials requires thorough understanding of their transport properties, which in turn necessitates the use of powerful and reliable characterization methods. Most methods focus on the permeability, diffusivity and solubility of single gases or only the permeability of mixed gases, while studies reporting the diffusion and solubility of gas mixtures are extremely rare. In this paper we report the use of a mass-spectrometric residual gas analyser to follow the transient phase of mixed gas transport through a benzotriptycene-based ultrapermeable polymer of intrinsic microporosity (PIM-DTFM-BTrip) and a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) membrane for comparison, via the continuous online analysis of the permeate. Computational analysis of the entire permeation curve allows the calculation of the mixed gas diffusion coefficients for all individual gases present in the mixture and the identification of non-Fickian diffusion or other anomalous behaviour. The mixed gas transport parameters were analysed by three different approaches (integral, differential and pulse signal), and compared with the results of the ‘classical’ time lag method for single gases. PDMS shows very similar results in all cases, while the transport in the PIM gives different results depending on the specific method and instrument used. This comparative study provides deep insight into the strengths and limitations of the different instruments and data elaboration methods to characterize the transport in rubbery and high free volume glassy membranes with fundamentally different properties and will be of help in the development of novel membrane materials.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0376-7388
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 28 March 2022
Date of Acceptance: 9 February 2022
Last Modified: 26 May 2022 06:01

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