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COVID-19 related posttraumatic stress disorder in adults with lived experience of psychiatric disorder

Lewis, Catrin ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3818-9377, Lewis, Katie ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3818-9377, Roberts, Alice, Evison, Claudia, Edwards, Bethan, John, Ann, Lloyd, Keith, Pearce, Holly ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2771-003X, Poole, Rob, Richards, Natalie, Robinson, Catherine, Jones, Ian ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5821-5889 and Bisson, Jonathan ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5170-1243 2022. COVID-19 related posttraumatic stress disorder in adults with lived experience of psychiatric disorder. Depression and Anxiety 39 (7) , pp. 564-572. 10.1002/da.23262

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Abstract

Background Prevalence estimates of COVID-19-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have ranged from 1% to over 60% in the general population. Individuals with lived experience of a psychiatric disorder may be particularly vulnerable to COVID-19-related PTSD but this has received inadequate attention. Methods Participants were 1571 adults with lived experience of psychiatric disorder who took part in a longitudinal study of mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic. PTSD was assessed by the International Trauma Questionnaire (ITQ) anchored to the participant's most troubling COVID-19-related experiencevent. Factors hypothesised to be associated with traumatic stress symptoms were investigated by linear regression. Results 40.10% of participants perceived some aspect of the pandemic as traumatic. 5.28% reported an ICD-11 PTSD qualifying COVID-19 related traumatic exposure and 0.83% met criteria for probable ICD-11 COVID-19-related PTSD. Traumatic stress symptoms were associated with younger age, lower income, lower social support, and financial worries, and lived experience of PTSD/complex PTSD. Depression and anxiety measured in June 2020 predicted traumatic stress symptoms at follow-up approximately 20 weeks later in November 2020. Conclusions We did not find evidence of widespread COVID-19-related PTSD among individuals with lived experience of a psychiatric disorder. There is a need for future research to derive valid prevalence estimates of COVID-19-related PTSD.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
National Centre for Mental Health (PNCMH)
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1091-4269
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 20 April 2022
Date of Acceptance: 16 April 2022
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2023 02:05
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/149233

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