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Fear of economic cybercrime across Europe: a multilevel application of routine activity theory

Cook, Steven, Giommoni, Luca ORCID:, Trajtenberg Pareja, Nicolas, Levi, Michael ORCID: and Williams, Matthew L. ORCID: 2023. Fear of economic cybercrime across Europe: a multilevel application of routine activity theory. British Journal of Criminology 63 (2) , pp. 384-406. 10.1093/bjc/azac021

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Despite the increasing prevalence of cybercrime and its study by criminologists, very little research has examined the extent, nature, and impact of fear of cybercrime. In this study, we conducted a multilevel analysis of the 2018 Eurobarometer Cybersecurity Survey to test the applicability of routine activities theory on fear of economic cybercrime. We contribute to the literature by demonstrating that: (1) fear of economic cybercrime varies across EU member states; (2) country-level infrastructure development and income inequality are predictive of individual-level fear; (3) individual-level routine activities and sociodemographic variables are associated with fear; (4) country-level infrastructure development moderates the effects of individual-level guardianship. This paper concludes by emphasizing the importance of including country-level and individual-level determinants in fear of cybercrime research.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Social Sciences (Includes Criminology and Education)
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0007-0955
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 2 November 2022
Last Modified: 03 May 2023 12:45

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