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Facial emotion recognition in psychosis and associations with polygenic risk for schizophrenia: findings from the multi-center EU-GEI case-control study

Tripoli, Giada, Quattrone, Diego, Ferraro, Laura, Gayer-Anderson, Charlotte, La Cascia, Caterina, La Barbera, Daniele, Sartorio, Crocettarachele, Seminerio, Fabio, Rodriguez, Victoria, Tarricone, Ilaria, Berardi, Domenico, Jamain, Stéphane, Arango, Celso, Tortelli, Andrea, Llorca, Pierre-Michel, de Haan, Lieuwe, Velthorst, Eva, Bobes, Julio, Bernardo, Miquel, Sanjuán, Julio, Luis Santos, Jose, Arrojo, Manuel, Marta Del-Ben, Cristina, Rossi Menezes, Paulo, van der Ven, Els, Jones, Peter B., Jongsma, Hannah E., Kirkbride, James B., Tosato, Sarah, Lasalvia, Antonio, Richards, Alex, O'Donovan, Michael, Rutten, Bart P. F., van Os, Jim, Morgan, Craig, Sham, Pak C., Di Forti, Marta, Murray, Robin M. and Murray, Graham K. 2022. Facial emotion recognition in psychosis and associations with polygenic risk for schizophrenia: findings from the multi-center EU-GEI case-control study. Schizophrenia Bulletin 48 (5) , pp. 1104-114. 10.1093/schbul/sbac022

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Abstract

Background and Hypothesis Facial Emotion Recognition is a key domain of social cognition associated with psychotic disorders as a candidate intermediate phenotype. In this study, we set out to investigate global and specific facial emotion recognition deficits in first-episode psychosis, and whether polygenic liability to psychotic disorders is associated with facial emotion recognition. Study Design 828 First Episode Psychosis (FEP) patients and 1308 population-based controls completed assessments of the Degraded Facial Affect Recognition Task (DFAR) and a subsample of 524 FEP and 899 controls provided blood or saliva samples from which we extracted DNA, performed genotyping and computed polygenic risk scores for schizophrenia (SZ), bipolar disorder (BD), and major depressive disorder (MD). Study Results A worse ability to globally recognize facial emotion expressions was found in patients compared with controls [B= −1.5 (0.6), 95% CI −2.7 to −0.3], with evidence for stronger effects on negative emotions (fear [B = −3.3 (1.1), 95% CI −5.3 to −1.2] and anger [B = −2.3 (1.1), 95% CI −4.6 to −0.1]) than on happiness [B = 0.3 (0.7), 95% CI −1 to 1.7]. Pooling all participants, and controlling for confounds including case/control status, facial anger recognition was associated significantly with Schizophrenia Polygenic Risk Score (SZ PRS) [B = −3.5 (1.7), 95% CI −6.9 to −0.2]. Conclusions Psychosis is associated with impaired recognition of fear and anger, and higher SZ PRS is associated with worse facial anger recognition. Our findings provide evidence that facial emotion recognition of anger might play a role as an intermediate phenotype for psychosis.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Additional Information: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0586-7614
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 13 May 2022
Date of Acceptance: 7 February 2022
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2022 12:01
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/149757

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