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The components of interpersonal synchrony in the typical population and in autism: a conceptual analysis

Bowsher-Murray, Claire, Gerson, Sarah ORCID:, Von dem Hagen, Elisabeth ORCID: and Jones, Catherine ORCID: 2022. The components of interpersonal synchrony in the typical population and in autism: a conceptual analysis. Frontiers in Psychology 13 , 897015. 10.3389/fpsyg.2022.897015

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Interpersonal synchrony – the tendency for social partners to temporally co-ordinate their behaviour when interacting – is a ubiquitous feature of social interactions. Synchronous interactions play a key role in development, and promote social bonding and a range of pro-social behavioural outcomes across the lifespan. The process of achieving and maintaining interpersonal synchrony is highly complex, with inputs required from across perceptual, temporal, motor, and socio-cognitive domains. In this conceptual analysis, we synthesise evidence from across these domains to establish the key components underpinning successful non-verbal interpersonal synchrony, how such processes interact, and factors that may moderate their operation. We also consider emerging evidence that interpersonal synchrony is reduced in autistic populations. We use our account of the components contributing to interpersonal synchrony in the typical population to identify potential points of divergence in interpersonal synchrony in autism. The relationship between interpersonal synchrony and broader aspects of social communication in autism are also considered, together with implications for future research.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Cardiff University Centre for Human Development Science (CHDS)
Publisher: Frontiers Media
ISSN: 1664-1078
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 17 May 2022
Date of Acceptance: 16 May 2022
Last Modified: 11 May 2023 05:10

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