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Surface flashover induced by metal contaminants adhered to tri-post epoxy insulators under superimposed direct and lightning impulse voltages

Hu, Qi, Li, Qingmin, Liu, Zhipeng, Xue, Naifan, Ren, Hanwen and Haddad, Manu 2022. Surface flashover induced by metal contaminants adhered to tri-post epoxy insulators under superimposed direct and lightning impulse voltages. Polymers 14 (7) , 1374. 10.3390/polym14071374

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Abstract

Metal contaminants can distort the surface electric field of the tri-post epoxy insulator and cause serious surface charge accumulation, significantly reducing the insulation performance of the insulator under the superimposed DC and lightning impulse voltage. In this paper, an experimental platform for charge accumulation and surface flashover of tri-post epoxy insulators under the superimposed DC and lightning impulse voltage was built, by surface point measurement and charge inversion calculation, the surface charge distribution characteristics of tri-post insulators with attached particles was experimentally explored and the influence law of attached metal particles on the charge accumulation was discussed. The results show that metal particles can cause a surge in the surface charge density of the tri-post epoxy insulator, forming bipolar charge spots whose polarity is opposite to that of the adjacent electrodes. The adsorbed metal dust can cause the polarity reversal of adjacent surface charges, forming a large-area unipolar charge spot. Moreover, the flashover voltage of a tri-post insulator under DC superimposed lightning impulse voltage with a clean surface and attached metal particle was measured, and the synergistic induction mechanism of charge spot accumulation and metal particle discharge on the flashover along the face of the tri-post insulator is thereby revealed. Compared with the clean insulators, the surface flashover voltages of tri-post epoxy insulators with metal contaminants adhered decrease under the superimposed voltages of different polarities, but the decline amplitude is greater under the heteropolar composite voltage. When adhered to the middle of the insulator leg, the distribution range of bipolar charge spots is the widest, and the surface flashover voltage decreases sharply, which can drop by 32% compared with the absence of particles. In addition, when the metal dust adsorbed by the tri-post epoxy insulator has a wide distribution range, the impact of metal dust on the flashover voltage is greater than that of the attached metal particles, and its hazard cannot be ignored. The research results can provide a reference for the insulation test method and optimal design of the DC tri-post epoxy insulator

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Additional Information: This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 4.0/)
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 2073-4360
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 23 May 2022
Date of Acceptance: 26 March 2022
Last Modified: 23 May 2022 10:15
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/149805

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