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Multi-parameter reaction–diffusion systems with quadratic nonlinearity and delays: new exact solutions in elementary functions

Polyanin, Andrei D. and Zhurov, Alexei I. ORCID: 2022. Multi-parameter reaction–diffusion systems with quadratic nonlinearity and delays: new exact solutions in elementary functions. Mathematics 10 (9) , 1529. 10.3390/math10091529

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The study considers a nonlinear multi-parameter reaction–diffusion system of two Lotka–Volterra-type equations with several delays. It treats both cases of different diffusion coefficients and identical diffusion coefficients. The study describes a few different techniques to solve the system of interest, including (i) reduction to a single second-order linear ODE without delay, (ii) reduction to a system of three second-order ODEs without delay, (iii) reduction to a system of three first-order ODEs with delay, (iv) reduction to a system of two second-order ODEs without delay and a linear Schrödinger-type PDE, and (v) reduction to a system of two first-order ODEs with delay and a linear heat-type PDE. The study presents many new exact solutions to a Lotka–Volterra-type reaction–diffusion system with several arbitrary delay times, including over 50 solutions in terms of elementary functions. All of these are generalized or incomplete separable solutions that involve several free parameters (constants of integration). A special case is studied where a solution contains infinitely many free parameters. Along with that, some new exact solutions are obtained for a simpler nonlinear reaction–diffusion system of PDEs without delays that represents a special case of the original multi-parameter delay system. Several generalizations to systems with variable coefficients, systems with more complex nonlinearities, and hyperbolic type systems with delay are discussed. The solutions obtained can be used to model delay processes in biology, ecology, biochemistry and medicine and test approximate analytical and numerical methods for reaction–diffusion and other nonlinear PDEs with delays.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Additional Information: This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// 4.0/).
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 2227-7390
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 19 May 2022
Date of Acceptance: 25 April 2022
Last Modified: 08 May 2023 01:57

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