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QUBIC I: Overview and science program

Hamilton, J.-Ch., Mousset, L., Battistelli, E.S., de Bernardis, P., Bigot-Sazy, M.-A., Chanial, P., Charlassier, R., D'Alessandro, G., De Petris, M., Gamboa Lerena, M.M., Grandsire, L., Landau, S., Mandelli, S., Marnieros, S., Masi, S., Mennella, A., O'Sullivan, C., Piat, M., Ricciardi, G., Scóccola, C.G., Stolpovskiy, M., Tartari, A., Torchinsky, S.A., Voisin, F., Zannoni, M., Ade, P. ORCID:, Alberro, J.G., Almela, A., Amico, G., Arnaldi, L.H., Auguste, D., Aumont, J., Azzoni, S., Banfi, S., Baù, A., Bélier, B., Bennett, D., Bergé, L., Bernard, J.-Ph., Bersanelli, M., Bonaparte, J., Bonis, J., Bunn, E., Burke, D., Buzi, D., Cavaliere, F., Chapron, C., Cobos Cerutti, A.C., Columbro, F., Coppolecchia, A., De Gasperis, G., De Leo, M., Dheilly, S., Duca, C., Dumoulin, L., Etchegoyen, A., Fasciszewski, A., Ferreyro, L.P., Fracchia, D., Franceschet, C., Ganga, K.M., García, B., García Redondo, M.E., Gaspard, M., Gayer, D., Gervasi, M., Giard, M., Gilles, V., Giraud-Heraud, Y., Gómez Berisso, M., González, M., Gradziel, M., Hampel, M.R., Harari, D., Henrot-Versillé, S., Incardona, F., Jules, E., Kaplan, J., Kristukat, C., Lamagna, L., Loucatos, S., Louis, T., Maffei, B., Marty, W., Mattei, A., May, A., McCulloch, M., Mele, L., Melo, D., Montier, L., Mundo, L.M., Murphy, J.A., Murphy, J.D., Nati, F., Olivieri, E., Oriol, C., Paiella, A., Pajot, F., Passerini, A., Pastoriza, H., Pelosi, A., Perbost, C., Perciballi, M., Pezzotta, F., Piacentini, F., Piccirillo, L., Pisano, G. ORCID:, Platino, M., Polenta, G., Prêle, D., Puddu, R., Rambaud, D., Rasztocky, E., Ringegni, P., Romero, G.E., Salum, J.M., Schillaci, A., Scully, S., Spinelli, S., Stankowiak, G., Supanitsky, A.D., Thermeau, J.-P., Timbie, P., Tomasi, M., Tucker, C. ORCID:, Tucker, G. ORCID:, Viganò, D., Vittorio, N., Wicek, F., Wright, M. and Zullo, A. 2022. QUBIC I: Overview and science program. Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics 2022 (04) , 034. 10.1088/1475-7516/2022/04/034

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The Q & U Bolometric Interferometer for Cosmology (QUBIC) is a novel kind of polarimeter optimized for the measurement of the B-mode polarization of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB), which is one of the major challenges of observational cosmology. The signal is expected to be of the order of a few tens of nK, prone to instrumental systematic effects and polluted by various astrophysical foregrounds which can only be controlled through multichroic observations. QUBIC is designed to address these observational issues with a novel approach that combines the advantages of interferometry in terms of control of instrumental systematic effects with those of bolometric detectors in terms of wide-band, background-limited sensitivity. The QUBIC synthesized beam has a frequency-dependent shape that results in the ability to produce maps of the CMB polarization in multiple sub-bands within the two physical bands of the instrument (150 and 220 GHz). These features make QUBIC complementary to other instruments and makes it particularly well suited to characterize and remove Galactic foreground contamination. In this article, first of a series of eight, we give an overview of the QUBIC instrument design, the main results of the calibration campaign, and present the scientific program of QUBIC including not only the measurement of primordial B-modes, but also the measurement of Galactic foregrounds. We give forecasts for typical observations and measurements: with three years of integration on the sky and assuming perfect foreground removal as well as stable atmospheric conditions from our site in Argentina, our simulations show that we can achieve a statistical sensitivity to the effective tensor-to-scalar ratio (including primordial and foreground B-modes) σ(r)=0.015.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Publisher: IOP Publishing
ISSN: 1475-7516
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 7 June 2022
Date of Acceptance: 4 July 2021
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2022 11:22

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