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Formation of the SDC13 hub-filament system: a cloud–cloud collision imprinted on the multiscale magnetic field

Wang, Jia-Wei, Koch, Patrick M., Tang, Ya-Wen, Fuller, Gary A., Peretto, Nicolas ORCID:, Williams, Gwenllian M. ORCID:, Yen, Hsi-Wei, Lee, Han-Tsung and Chen, Wei-An 2022. Formation of the SDC13 hub-filament system: a cloud–cloud collision imprinted on the multiscale magnetic field. Astrophysical Journal 931 (2) , 115. 10.3847/1538-4357/ac6872

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Abstract: Hub-filament systems (HFSs) are potential sites of protocluster and massive star formation, and play a key role in mass accumulation. We report JCMT POL-2 850 μm polarization observations toward the massive HFS SDC13. We detect an organized magnetic field near the hub center with a cloud-scale “U-shape” morphology following the western edge of the hub. Together with larger-scale APEX 13CO and PLANCK polarization data, we find that SDC13 is located at the convergent point of three giant molecular clouds (GMCs) along a large-scale, partially spiral-like magnetic field. The smaller “U-shape” magnetic field is perpendicular to the large-scale magnetic field and the converging GMCs. We explain this as the result of a cloud–cloud collision. Within SDC13, we find that local gravity and velocity gradients point toward filament ridges and hub center. This suggests that gas can locally be pulled onto filaments and overall converges to the hub center. A virial analysis of the central hub shows that gravity dominates the magnetic and kinematic energy. Combining large- and small-scale analyses, we propose that SDC13 is initially formed from a collision of clouds moving along the large-scale magnetic field. In the post-shock regions, after the initial turbulent energy has dissipated, gravity takes over and starts to drive the gas accretion along the filaments toward the hub center.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Additional Information: License information from Publisher: LICENSE 1: URL:, Type: cc-by
Publisher: American Astronomical Society
ISSN: 0004-637X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 8 June 2022
Date of Acceptance: 18 April 2022
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2022 11:23

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