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Dual species dry surface biofilms; Bacillus species impact on Staphylococcus aureus survival and surface disinfection

Centeleghe, Isabella, Norville, Phillip, Hughes, Louise ORCID: and Maillard, Jean‐Yves ORCID: 2022. Dual species dry surface biofilms; Bacillus species impact on Staphylococcus aureus survival and surface disinfection. Journal of Applied Microbiology 10.1111/jam.15619

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Abstract: Aims: Dry surface biofilms (DSB) survive on environmental surfaces throughout hospitals, able to resist cleaning and disinfection interventions. This study aimed to produce a dual species DSB and explore the ability of commercially available wipe products to eliminate pathogens within a dual species DSB and prevent their transfer. Methods and Results: Staphylococcus aureus was grown with two different species of Bacillus on stainless steel discs, over 12 days using sequential hydration and dehydration phases. A modified version of ASTM 2967–15 was used to test six wipe products including one water control with the Fitaflex Wiperator. Staphylococcus aureus growth was inhibited when combined with Bacillus subtilis. Recovery of S. aureus on agar from a dual DSB was not always consistent. Our results did not provide evidence that Bacillus licheniformis protected S. aureus from wipe action. There was no significant difference of S. aureus elimination by antimicrobial wipes between single and dual species DSB. B. licheniformis was easily transferred by the wipe itself and to new surfaces both in a single and dual species DSB, whilst several wipe products inhibited the transfer of S. aureus from wipe. However, S. aureus direct transfer to new surfaces was not inhibited post‐wiping. Conclusions: Although we observed that the dual DSB did not confer protection of S. aureus, we demonstrated that environmental species can persist on surfaces after disinfection treatment. Industries should test DSB against future products and hospitals should consider carefully the products they choose. Significance and Impact of the Study: To our knowledge, this is the first study reporting on the production of a dual species DSB. Multispecies DSB have been identified throughout the world on hospital surfaces, but many studies focus on single species biofilms. This study has shown that DSB behave differently to hydrated biofilms.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Pharmacy
Additional Information: License information from Publisher: LICENSE 1: URL:
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1364-5072
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 8 June 2022
Date of Acceptance: 6 May 2022
Last Modified: 05 May 2023 01:08

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