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Legacies of invertebrate exclusion and tree secondary metabolites control fungal communities in dead wood

Lunde, Lisa Fagerli, Jacobsen, Rannveig, Kauserud, Håvard, Boddy, Lynne, Nybakken, Line, Sverdrup-hygeson, Anne and Birkemoe, Tone 2022. Legacies of invertebrate exclusion and tree secondary metabolites control fungal communities in dead wood. Molecular Ecology 31 (11) , pp. 3241-3253. 10.1111/mec.16448

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Abstract

During decomposition of organic matter, microbial communities may follow different successional trajectories depending on the initial environment and colonizers. The timing and order of the species arrival (assembly history) can lead to divergent communities through priority effects. We explored how assembly history and resource quality affected fungal communities and decay rate of decomposing wood, 1.5 and 4.5 years after tree felling. Additionally, we investigated the effect of invertebrate exclusion during the first two summers. We measured initial resource quality of bark and wood of aspen (Populus tremula) logs and surveyed the fungal communities by DNA metabarcoding at different times during succession. We found that gradients in fungal community composition were related to resource quality and we discuss how this may reflect different fungal life history strategies. As with previous studies, the initial amount of bark tannins was negatively correlated with wood decomposition rate over 4.5 years. The initial fungal community explained variation in community composition after 1.5, but not 4.5, years of succession. Although the assembly history of initial colonizers may cause alternative trajectories in successional communities, our results indicate that the communities may converge with the arrival of secondary colonizers. We also identified a strong legacy of invertebrate exclusion on fungal communities, even after 4.5 years of succession, thereby adding crucial knowledge on the importance of invertebrates in affecting fungal community development. By measuring and manipulating aspects of assembly history and resource quality that have rarely been studied, we expand our understanding of the complexity of fungal community dynamics.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 0962-1083
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 9 June 2022
Date of Acceptance: 28 March 2022
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2022 14:45
URI: https://orca.cardiff.ac.uk/id/eprint/150323

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